WARS AND CONFLICTS: ENGLAND, FRANCE, AND SPAIN 4
Warsand Conflicts: England, France, and Spain
Betweenthe period of 1560 and 1650, Europe experienced sporadic civil warsand foreign conflicts that further defined the period as a crisis agein history. Opening the page of conflicts between these countries wasthe Siegeof Leith,abattle that involved the expulsion of the French troops from Scotlandby the English army(Duiker& Spielvogel,2012). TheEnglish force went to Leith in Scotland to free the region from theFrench occupation that had extended for 12 years since 1548, leadingto a tri-nation treaty involving England, Scotland and France. Duikerand Spielvogel(2012) note that the conflictwas motivated by religion, as the Scots protested against a religiousFrench domination that had been the core of their two-century AuldAlliance.
Anotherfocal point of religious civil war was during the French ReligiousWars between 1562 and 1598 between catholics and protestants. In awar that involved two main civil factions, the aristocrats and thehouse of Guise, the war involved foreign influence that supportedeither side(Duiker& Spielvogel,2012). Theconflict attracted the influence of Spain in support of thecatholics, and England for protestants leading to a three-year warbetween France and Spain.
Thenineteen-year long anglo-Spanish war, perhaps is one of the longestwar that was declared an intelligent conflict between kingdoms. Thewar too had the influence of the religious conflicts between thecatholics and the protestants, but its main focal point was theEnglish activities in the Netherlands and the French conflict(Duiker& Spielvogel,2012). Anotherreason for the war was a commercial and trade conflict frontingEnglish sailors and Spanish states, with claims of smuggling. Thissaw the three nations take sides as Spain and England were the mainantagonists.
Duringthis period, most of the conflicts involved the three countries asEngland, Spain and France took sides with the religious, commercialand civil factions that sought alliances against the opponents(Duiker& Spielvogel,2012). Generally,religion, political supremacy and nationalism were the main strainsthat brought the three nations to war and conflict.
Duiker,W., & Spielvogel,J. (2012). WorldHistory. 7thEdition.Stamford,CT: Cengage