UncleTom’s Cabin is a novel that aimed at calling slavery reforms.Through various characters and their experiences, the main theme ofthis story is suffering and redemption from slavery evils. The wayStowe, the author of this narrative attacked slavery as well as, herrepresentation of Africans Americans continue to elicit strongreactions for many decades. However, this novel played a significantrole in changing race relations in America. This paper will evaluateand distinguish between the three characters of Tom’s three ownersin the novel. The protagonist, Uncle Tom is religious and a good manwho underwent different treatment from his slave-owners.Consequently, the slave owners had a crucial impact on Tom where somewere supportive and kind-hearted, while others were cruel andmalicious, and one almost crushed his faith due to brutal treatment.
Shelbyis the first master of Uncle Tom. The author presents his characteras humane and kind towards his slaves. Actually, it was his influencethat made Tom a wonderful person. However, Shelby suffers from ahuge debt, and thus plans to sell his slaves among them Tom. AlthoughShelby is kind-hearted and has good intentions he has no choice butto put up with slavery. Shelby moral sense regarding slaves is morerefined and demonstrates that they can only be sold in case of a direfinancial situation. In comparison, Shelby and St. Clare are bothhumane to their slaves and angry over slavery evils. This is incontrast to Legree, a cruel man who overworks his slaves. The authorof this book uses Shelby’s character to demonstrate how slavery canmake villains from all its perpetrators.
Thethird master of Tom is St. Clare. This character of St. Clare appearsin a number of scenes. He is a young white rich man presented ashumane, proud and sarcastic at times. He is polite and friendly inthe way he treats his slaves. St. Clare’s family helped to maintainTom’s hope for mankind as well as his Christianity faith. When compared to the other characters, St. Clare is intelligent andbelieves that slavery is evil, however he fails to act. As a matterof fact, he abandons the plantation he inherited because he hatedhypocrisy and did not want to be a master to the slaves. However, hismoral are doubtful because he speaks great things while on thecontrast does horrible things. On the other hand, Tom had positivelyimpacted on his masters lives and as a result, St. Clare had decidedto free the slaves. Nevertheless, the character of St. Clare had somebad qualities such as too much drinking of alcohol and beingagnostic. Overall, St Clare could have been thought as a man whowould free the slaves but he died before doing so. In contrast toLegree, St.Clare seems moved by Uncle Tom’s religious ways. Infact, his personality changed and even starts to read the bible. Inaddition, he promises to free Uncle Tom and generally hopes to makethe world a better place by freeing all the slaves. Unfortunately, bythe time of his death, St.Clare possessed no drafted will, and thisforced the slaves to be auctioned to another owner.
Thefinal master of Tom was Simon Legree sold to him by auction. InUncleTom’s Cabin,Legree is presented as a bad guy who treats his slaves badly, inaddition to insulting them. He owns a plantation where his slaves areoverworked. Simon Legree is cruel and buys slave women for the mainpurpose of having sexual relations with them. Compared to the otherTom’s owner, Legree is the cruelest, evil and tyrannical. Hisdeeper immorality and dictatorship shocks even his fellow whites.Legree attempts to get rid of religion from his slaves and could nottolerate even Christian hymns. As a result of his cruelty, Tom hadbegun to doubt his faith. Furthermore, he started to lose hope untilLegree attacked him, and this helped him to regain his hope andfaith. In the end, Tom died from Legree cruelty.
Insummary, the three Tom’s owners have one similarity which was theirrecognition of his intelligence and inner strength. However, unlikeShelby and St. Clare, Legree wished to use Uncle Tom’s ability todiscipline his fellow slaves. Ultimately, Tom’s Martyrdom ispredicted as he helped a weak slave where he risked his wellbeing.
Tom’sthree owners obviously had an impact on his attitude, in addition toforming his character throughout the narrative. Shelby and St. Claretreated Tom with respect and humane but Legree treated himmaliciously. Uncle Tom’s Cabin is a narrative that provides readersin the modern era with insights concerning slavery impacts upon theAmerican culture. The author’s main purpose of writing this novelwas to demonstrate to Americans the evils of slavery by presentinghorrors that slaves endures. From the analysis of the threecharacters, slavery is seen as destructive to both families andsouls.