TURKISH CERAMICS HISTORY 4
The Islamic art has come a long way to get to its present state.Little known is the fact that the art of Turkish ceramics has had agreat influence on this development. The art of ceramics in Turkey isas old as the 8th century. The Seljuk from Iran have had agreat influence on the development of Turkish ceramics since 1071(The free encyclopedia about History of Anatolia, 2011). However, thedesigns developed by the Seljuks were too complex to be put inceramics. There are various decorations such as plant motifs from theSeljuk that are found in the Turkish ceramics. This is an indicationof the great influence that the Seljuk had in the development of theart of ceramics in Turkey.
It was the craftsmanship of the Seljuk’s ceramic art that inspiredthe ottoman Turks who are said to have developed the ceramic makingin Turkey. It is imperative to note that the 15th and the16th century were significant in the development of theart of ceramics in Turkey. Iznik was a major center for thedevelopment of the art of ceramics in Turkey (Republic of Turkeyministry of culture and tourism, 2005). The ceramic industry at Iznikwas advanced both artistically and technically. Designs prior to the17th century were manifest of plat motifs, arabesques andChinese clouds. However, this changed after the 17thcentury where more artistic and naturalistic designs such as rosesand lilies appear.
The Iznik ceramics faced economic depression and politicalinstability in the mid-17th century and fizzled out in the18th century. Kutahya was the new leading ceramics center.Ceramics at Kutahya were more advanced where they were made withwhite paste (Carswell, 2006). The art of Turkish ceramic making hasdeveloped immensely over the decades where different techniques andstyles have been incorporated. The arrival of the Seljuks wassignificant in this development since they made the ceramic industryat Anatolia to acquire a global reputation.
The free encyclopedia about History of Anatolia. (2011). The Artof Turkish Tiles and Ceramics. Retrieved from:http://anatoliahistory.com/2011/07/11/the-art-of-turkish-tiles-and- ceramics/
Carswell, J. (2006). Iznik Pottery. London: British MuseumPress
Republic of Turkey ministry of culture and tourism. (2005). Revivalof Iznik tiles after 300 years. Retrieved from:http://www.kultur.gov.tr/EN,33841/iznik- and-iznik-tiles.html