Unlessa body lacks elements of functionality, all bodies are considerednormal in general terms and in regard to the definition of a body.However, in the context of the wholesome definition of a body, anormal body entails a range of factors that are included. A normalbody will involve physical fitness, spiritual and soul fitness. Onthe other hand, abnormal bodies are taken to be those that takedeviant developments that are not part of the conventional body (Urla& Terry, 1995).
Culturecreates normalcy by establishing a set of views and perspectives thatare used to judge a body to be normal or not. Any body shape or stateof the body that conforms to the common or popular idea of a body isregarded as a normal body (Petersen,2007).This is because people tend to evaluate an item, circumstance or asituation based on the culturally known terms other than any othermethod. Therefore, the culture creates the normalcy by dictating whata normal body is and what lacks the expectations is considered to beabnormal.
However,the essence of a normal body is a matter of personal view inreference to the expectations of the culture around him or her.Shildrick(1999) argues that normalcy is a sense of an achievement a personfeels that a body reflects a model of the natural body, as all partsare perfectly in their place. This modelling of a body to be normalis therefore a setting made by the culture or people based on what isperceived to be the norm of the society (Heath, 2006).
Therefore,people tend to look at the transgender as abnormal people in thesociety based on the defining normal gender of male and female. Thisperception about transgender is held at all perspectives of life,political social and economic angles (Hines, 2007). Medical teamstake a different look on the transgender by giving them right todetermine their state by choosing what action to take. For instance,while parents want to make decisions on transgender children, medicswant such kids to participate in the decisions about their body.
people face medical discourses in terms of the identity in thesociety and conforming to the normalcy set by the culture. Thecultural identification of the gender of a person does not follow themedical view, since the culture has a definite knowledge of a gender(Opjordsmoenet al, 2003).The cultural determination of gender, which is based on rearing, goesagainst the transgender people as the society remains divided on theunderstanding of the transgender status (Benjamin,1966).Medical determination on the other hand, relies on chromosomal sex,phenotypic sex, gonadal sex and chromosomal sex, which does notrecognize the status of the transgender.
people look back at the culture as the determinant of their state asthey are. This is because the culture determines the basis ofdefining male or female gender by identifying these as the maingender for normal people. At the same time, culture is created bywhat is deemed to be normal. This exists since the essence ofnormalcy becomes the main constituent of defining the norms of aculture. This is because the culture creates a list of normal thingsat all perspectives of life, which includes the existence of genderand transgender as abnormal.
Benjamin,H. (1966). Thetranssexual phenomenon.New York: Julian Press
HeathR. A. (2006). ThePraeger handbook of transsexuality: Changing gender to match
mindset.Greenwood Publishing Group
Hines,S. (2007). TransForminggender: transgender practices of identity, intimacy and care.
Bristol,UK: The Policy Press.
Opjordsmoen,S., Haraldsen, I. R., Egeland, T., & Finset, A. (2003).Sex-sensitive performance
inuntreated patients with early onset gender identity disorder.Psychoneuroendocrinology,28, 906–915.
Shildrick,M. (1999) “This Body Which Is Not One: Dealing With Differences”,Body& Society,
Petersen,P. (2007) TheBody In Question: A Socio-Cultural Approach,London: Routledge.
Urla,J., & Terry, J. (1995). DeviantBodies:CulturalPerspectives on Difference in Science and
PopularCulture, Bloomington: Indiana University Press