TheEffect of Impression Management on Behavior in Social Presence
The article presents a research that tested competingmethods to individual differences in the management of impressionimpression management (IM) was measured in respect to socialdesirability scales, and their repercussion for behavior in socialcontexts. Therefore, the chief point presented by the article entailsthe IM argument amid individuals. The article presented twoapproaches defensiveness approach and adjustment approach. Accordingto the argument presented by the defensiveness approach, IM emergesas a source of defensive self-presentation that leads to performanceimpairment in the public social settings. On the other hand, theadjustment approach is of the argument that IM measures self-controland friendliness that should bring about facilitation of performancein the public social settings. A primary question presented by theexperiment entails finding out whether there are constructive effectsof impression management. Another key question entails whatdetermines an individual’s interpersonal orientation.
Theresearchers utilized two studies in addressing the research questionsand the chief point addressed in the article. In the first study,researchers engaged participants in two tasks, which served tomeasure their implicit affect, self-control, and creativity. One ofthe tasks was writing a story grounded on Thematic Apperception Test(TAT) picture. The other task involved rating originality. The firststudy used by the researchers did not instruct participants to becreative. However, when it came to the second study, the participantswere engaged in a task in which creativity was seen a critical goal.These two studies help in understanding IM scores among individuals.
Theresults of the first study concerning story writing indicated only amain effect for IM, where the regression model depicted that the pvalue was less than 0.01. This provided an indication that high IMscores were linked with writing more pleasant complete stories. Theresults also indicated that the relation amid IM scores andpleasantness was only significant in social presence condition. Onthe other hand, the results of story writing creativity indicatedthat a high IM score led to writing more pleasant and creativestories in social presence. The second study indicated that high IMscores had better creative yield in the socially evaluative contextcompared to the relatively nonthreatening alone condition. Theresults have implications in that they challenge the widespreadpractice of controlling for IM scores in validating personalityquestionnaires. In the studies, not only did individual differencesin IM predict actual social behavior, but were also associated withadaptive behavior.
Thetake home message that I obtained from this article is that accordingto the defensiveness approach, individuals high in IM are highlyinvested in self-presentation in socially demanding conditions. Theobsession of these individuals with their social image becomesmanifested in the rejection of explicit negative effect, enhancedimplicit anxiety, and significantly in an array of performancedeficiencies. On the other hand, the adjustment approach must not bethought of as arguing that IM always predict excellent performance orenhanced cognitive capacities.
Indoing this project, ones of the prime challenges entailed selectingone interesting article from the possible ten articles. This was achallenge since there were several articles that were interestingthis made the selection process difficult since I did not know, whicharticle to choose. However, I enjoyed doing this project since theproject provided a guide of what to do in the various parts. Byproviding this guide, the project was exceedingly easy to handle.Besides, doing the project was enjoyable because the project usedonly one article.