THE CONQUESTS OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT 4
THECONQUESTS OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT
Alexander‘the great’ was the son of Phillip II who reigned in Macedonafter his fathers’ death in 336 BCE. He is referred to as ‘Thegreat Alexandria’ for his genius in military and his diplomaticknowledge of handling various populations in the conquered regions.His fame is also recognized with his ability to spread Greeklanguage, thoughts and culture from Greece and the rest of conqueredregions like Egypt, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor and India. In addition,he is credited for initiating the ‘Hellenistic world’ during hisera (Winthrop,2004).
Hisyouth was characterized full of fun, lots of tutelage in writing,music and reading which eventually became his favorite habits. It isrecorded that during his tutelage, he studied alongside Aristotle wholater influenced his dealings with the inhabitants he conquered henever forced Greek culture among the conquered people but introducedit the same way Aristotle taught his students. In this case hisyouthful habits horse riding, reading and music became greatinfluencers during the period he reigned in Macedonia (Winthrop,2004).
Alexander’sconquests and legacy
Thefoundation of Alexander’s conquest had been laid by his father’sestablishment and projection of a powerful military in Europe, Asiaand in the Persian Gulf. After his death he bequeathed a powerful andquality military that enabled Alexander defeat the Persian Empirewithout assistant from his allies. However, his achievements were notinherited fortune but of his own making a forceful character,intellectual brilliancy and persona stamina. History records that, hecarried with him an entourage of scientists who recorded informationon zoology, biology, topography, meteorology and many other aspectsof the regions he conquered (Winthrop,2004).
Duringhis reign he decisively conquered great empires like the Asian Minorin 334 BCE, defeated king Darius III of Persia in 333 BCE, Syria in332BCE and Egypt where he built a city and named it Alexandria.Afterwards he extended his conquest towards the Asian regions such asLebanon Tyre and crossed to India in 327BCE where his army wassubdued. The conquest in India was almost halted due to harsh desertterrains but his forces marched on to Susa in 324 BCE where theconquest was halted after losing many of his army men. Alexandriadied in Babylon in 323 BCE after suffering high fever. Nonetheless,his legacy as the greatest conqueror lived on to present day history(Winthrop, 2004).
Winthrop,L.A, 2004. ‘Alexandriathe Great’.United Kingdom Longman Publishers