TELECOMMUNICATIONS VS. INFORMATION SERVICES 8
As technology and the population changes, so does the need forsystems and services for communication. The government, the peopleand organizations must stay connected and must be able to shareinformation instantly. The provision and accessibility ofinformation, data and knowledge is facilitated by telecommunicationsand information services. The main objective of technology is to helppeople manage, communicate and carry out operations effectively. Asit has always been, communication is a significant aspect in people’slive. Information, data and knowledge is shared constantly betweenpeople, governments and organizations. For instance, Google providesinformation or data, which must be transmitted electronically to theresearcher who is searching through the internet. This is the entireconcept of information services or telecommunications.
The uses of telecommunications and information services arenumerous. They range from learning services, online games toprovision of government services to the people. It is imperative tonote that the two aspects are related, but different.Telecommunications and information services work in a complementaryway where information services are provided throughtelecommunications. In this regard, it is clearly evident that bothtelecommunications and information services depend on each other inthe provision and sharing of data, information and knowledge.
Telecommunication has been defined as the passing or transfer ofinformation in the form of data, videos, texts, images and voicecalls over a distance through the use of electronics (Freeman, 2005).This definition coincides with the definition of telecommunications,which are the forms through which such information is transmittedfrom one terminal point to the other. The transfer of informationutilizes computers and analysts in technology have argued thattelecommunication is inseparable from computers. Telecommunicationsutilizes computer networks to facilitate the transmission ofinformation from one point to the other. Due to the advancement intechnology that has been evident in the recent past, informationtransmission through the various forms of telecommunications has beenmade instant. It is imperative to point out that telecommunicationdoes not only occur between two terminal points, but information canbe transmitted amongst various end points (Freeman, 2005). Theinformation, as chosen by the user, is unaltered until such a timewhen t is received at the other end.
Telecommunications involve facilitation of communication throughelectrical signals and electromagnetic waves. This is contrary to thetraditional forms of telecommunication which included smoke signalsand signal flags. The modern technology electrical signals andelectromagnetic waves include networks, internet, radios,communication satellites and fiber optics (Pal, 2007).
Examples of telecommunications
There are various forms of telecommunications and they range fromthe traditional one to the modern forms. The traditional forms oftelecommunications included the smoke signals and signal flags, whichwere largely used by the Africans and the Indians. However, with theinception of technology, there has been numerous forms oftelecommunications, which have come up in a bid to facilitate andhasten the means of communication. The mobile phone is one majorexample of a telecommunication. It is evident that in today’sworld, almost every adult person has a mobile phone. The mobile phoneis a major telecommunication form, which uses wireless networks totransmit voice and text information from one user to the other. Thewired phones were the earlier forms of phones, which were referred toas the landlines. These type of phones used the wired form of networkto transmit voice from one point to the other.
The internet is the largest form of telecommunication in thecontemporary world. In a vast majority of research papers in regardto the internet, the internet has been described as an aspect thathas made the world to be a global village. In other words, theinternet has enhanced and hastened the way people in different partsof the world can transmit information and communicate. The interneuses the wireless form of network to facilitate the transmission ofdata, text, images and voice (Freeman, 2005). The internet is theeasiest and the most convenient means through which one can send andreceive information. Local area networks for offices or homes arealso examples of telecommunications. These forms oftelecommunications are however limited to a small area and they arewired. They can be used to transmit huge files over a short period oftime. It is critical to note that the wired forms oftelecommunications are considered as being more secure than thewireless forms of communication. The radio and the television areexamples of modern forms of telecommunication. These are devices,which enable the transmission of voice messages and or images orvideos over long distances.
Information services have largely been defined as service,which are responsible for providing information, data, as well asknowledge (Adam & Stanley 2009). Information services make use ofpeople’s activities, as well as the available technology to availdata, information and knowledge to the people. It is, however,imperative to note that information service only provide theinformation in the form of data, text, videos and images but does notfacilitate the transmission of the same from one point to the other.The man role of information services is to collect data, knowledgeand information from various users, and make it available to suchpeople as users who may want to use it. Information service, which isan activity with a broader scope of information systems. Seeks tomanage the collected information, data and knowledge and store it ina form that is ready for the user to access it (Adam & Stanley2009). The management of the information, data and the knowledge ininformation services is facilitated by an administrator. Informationservices seek to use the human resources and the available technologyto process the gathered information for purposes of societal andorganizational efficiency.
The main role that is played by information services is theprovision of services that are beyond the capabilities of the humanbrains. For instance, information services seek to store huge amountsof data, which the human brain cannot store. In addition, informationservices also seek to offer solutions to complex calculations whichthe human brain cannot perform (Cassell & Hiremath, 2013). Thegovernment can use various forms of information services to availinformation to the members of the public. It is vital to point outthat some internet forms of information services may require the userto have a virtual account where he or she logs in, in order to accesscertain information. Due to the advancement in technology, there hasbeen an increase in the form and the number of services offeredthrough the platform of information services (Adam & Stanley2009). Entertainment games in form of videos have been a commonaspect in computer rooms. It is also imperative to note that therehas been an increase in the commercialization of the informationservices.
Examples of information services
When thinking about the various examples of information service, itdifficult to separate the aspect of information services andtechnology. Although there are various forms information servicesthat are independent of the internet and technology such a libraries,dictionaries and books, it is critical to note that such informationservices are also available online. Internet website and blogs,whether domain independent or domain specific, are the largest andmost used example of information service. Information is largelyavailable on sites such Google, Yahoo search and many others. Inaddition, the social networks such as Facebook and Twitter haverevolutionized the information service industry (Adam & Stanley2009). The social media has enabled people, all over the world toshare information in various forms such as images, texts and videos.The availability of the internet has made information servicesextremely successful. Another example of information service is themobile phone message texting service. Mobile message alerts are a newform of information service. This is replacing the email alertinformation service that has been in existence for a while.
The impact both of these have in today’s technology
Telecommunication continues to advance technologically everyday. The transmission, processing and retrieval of information hasbeen digitalized over time. Computation function has been combinedwith the communication aspect in order to enhance telecommunication.As a consequence, this has led to numerous inventions in technologyin trying to come up with devices and material technology such asfiber optic and integrated circuits (Pal, 2007). It is clearlyevident that the advancement of telecommunication to the global levelhas pushed technology to the limits. The development of satellitesand optic fibers are technological progressions, which have resultedfrom the growth of the telecommunication industry. As the exchangeand transmission of information electronically has increased, so hasthe need for security of personal information. This has led to thedevelopment of extremely ingenious technologies, which are aimed atensuring that people’s information is safe. Since the transmissionof electrical information has become extremely useful and an integralpart of the society, technologies for ensuring sustainability ofvarious forms of telecommunications such as the mobile phones havebeen developed.
The provision of information, data and knowledge through the aspectof information services has also given rise to various forms oftechnology. There has been numerous websites, which have beendeveloped as forms of information services (Adam & Stanley 2009).Due to the demands of the information services sector, there has beentechnologies, which have been developed to enable administrators toprovide huge information packages such as videos to their users. Suchhuge files could not be embedded on the internet in the past years.Telecommunication and information services have had tremendouseffects on today’s technology. The demands of these two aspectshave ensured that new technologies are devised every now and then tohandle them. For instance, the invention of the mobile phone wasnecessitated by the desire and demand by telecommunication andinformation services. Today, the mobile phone is used for bothtelecommunicating and providing information services.
Telecommunication and information services have been clearlydistinguished from each other. This paper has evidently stated andmanifested that these two aspects are inter-related, but do not meanthe same thing. Whereas information services provide information invarious forms, telecommunication enables the transmission of suchinformation from one point to the other. The various examples givenfor telecommunications and information services have clearly providedan insight into the two aspects and the role of each. Technology andcomputers have featured are fundamental aspects of telecommunication,as well as information services.
Adam, K., & Stanley, L. (2009). Internet information servicesadministration. Indianapolis, Ind: New Riders.
Cassell, K. A., & Hiremath, U. (2013). Reference andinformation services: An introduction. New York: Cengagelearning
Freeman, R. L. (2005). Fundamentals of Telecommunications.Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
Pal, B. P. (2007). Fundamentals of fiber optics intelecommunication and sensor systems. New York: Wiley.