SUMMARY PAPER 3
Trokosiand Human Rights in Ghana
Socialand cultural perspectives that affect the relationship between peoplein a society reflect the economic orientation viability of people inany society. Slavery for instance, is a result of the socialperspective of considering certain people as lower level humanbeings. This is the view of the traditional system of Trokosi inGhana that totally takes a turn against the observance of humanrights. Trokosi is a traditional system that is believed to beinspired by the gods as a religious practice of discriminating womenand children. It is an African traditional religious practice thatconsiders people as “slaves of the gods,” thereby becomingTrokosi slaves. Based on the traditionalist religion, Trokosi isconceptually and practically a practice that violates basic humanrights for women and children.
Thesystem was practiced in traditional societies but the trend hasinfluenced modern society. The development of slavery in the countrycan be defined by the instances of the use religion and traditionalpractice of Trokosi. Through the unequal social perspectives,economic inequalities thrive in the society as evidenced by both fromhistorical and current practice of slavery. In Ghana, slavery isexistence due to the historical perspective of having socialinequality on gender and age, such as against women and children.However, the modern society has set up political and legaldefinitions that are meant to quell the existence of slavery. InGhana, the government is legally responsible under local andinternational law to eradicate poverty.
Thecountry has a past that defines the cultural and social aspects thatinfluence the economic viability of its people. Productivity of humanresources and human rights observance are elements of humanassociation that global law protects. However, international lawcannot protect people from the wrath of their own culture. This isbecause certain social practices and cultures tend to classifycertain people’s rights as in existence. In Ghana, it ischallenging to involve the effectiveness of the law to fight evilsand vices that they consider traditionally correct. For instance,Ghanaians find no problem practicing their Trokosi system that isglobally inhuman. Therefore, there is a cultural influence on theGhanaians to leave the religious practice of Trokosi to develop inthe modern system.
Bytolerating the traditional religious practice of Trokosi, Ghana willbe turned against the observance of global human rights. The countryis a signatory of two international agreements signed as a way ofholding countries to respect human dignity and eradicate slavery.This is an effective method of promoting human freedom in regard tolegal protection of the social-economic freedoms and basic rights ofhuman beings. In addition, the constitution of the land dictates thesame rights that the international laws try to uphold and protect.Ghana is committed to uphold the universal human right by keepingpeople from slavery and social discrimination.
Moreover,Trokosi slavery practices that violates the local laws of the Ghana.This further obligates the country to observe its laws in thechallenge of the Trokosi belief. As an instrument of genderdiscrimination, the responsibility of the government is to eradicateagainst the practice due to its social and economic implications.This can only be done through proper legislation that will outlaw thesystem and create awareness for people against the tradition. Thiswill shift the minds of the people from the discriminative andinhuman religious belief to the universal observance of human rights.