Society`sPhoniness Shows in the Catcher in the Rye
Phoninessis a loved idea displayed by Holden. It is his tool for depicting thesuperficiality, pretension, shallowness, and fraud in hissurroundings. The theme of phoniness used by J.D. Salinger uses theexpression "phony" many times. Salinger`s perspective ofphoniness imparts a bond to the vast majority of the book readers,because this theme displayed by Salinger appears many times inpeople’s daily life activities. The way Salinger sets up hisnarrative is to clarify the essentialness of phoniness and helpreaders closely comprehend the story.
Deceptionand lying are the most evident components of phoniness. Holden`smeaning of phoniness depends on a self-deception: he appears to savethe most hatred for individuals who surmise that they are what theyare not. Moreover, those who fail to recognize their own particularshortcomings (Bloom 17). Even though, misleading others is likewisephoniness, a trickery that demonstrates inhumanity, hardness, or evensavagery. Likewise, Holden himself is liable of both thesewrongdoings. His arbitrary and rehashed lying highlights his ownparticular trickery toward oneself he fails to recognize his ownparticular weaknesses and is unwilling to think about how his conductinfluences the people around him. Through his misleading and lying,Holden demonstrates that he is almost as liable of phoniness as theindividuals he scrutinizes (Salinger 64).
Holden`sloneliness is the main thrust all around the book. The greater partof the novel portrays his manic journey for fraternity as he fliesstarting with one futile experience into the next. While his conductshows his loneliness, Holden shy far from the contemplation and hencedoes not understand why he continues acting as he does (Salzman 16).Since Holden relies upon his isolation to protect his separation fromthe humankind and to keep up the level of safety, he frequentlyattacks his endeavors to end his isolation (Bloom 23). For instance,his discussion with Luce Carl and his date with Hayes Sally are madedeplorable by his discourteous conduct. He prematurely ends his callsto Gallagher Jane for a comparative reason: to ensure his valuableand delicate feeling of uniqueness. Depression is the enthusiasticindication of the alienation Holden encounters it is both the originof pain and an origin of his security (Combs 4).
Holdenlets people know the typical significance of the museum’sshowcases: they engage him because they are solidified and constant.He asserts that he is bothered by how he has transformed each time hecomes back to them. The museum symbolizes the world Holden wishes tolive in. It is the world of his dream "catcher in the rye,"where nothing ever transforms (Salinger 74). Where everything isstraightforward, justifiable and with no limits. The randomtransformations of the world frighten Holden. He dislikes clashes, heis befuddled by Allie`s silly demise, and he fears association withother individuals (Salzman 13).
Holden`sinterest about where the ducks have a go at throughout the winteruncovers a bona fide, more energetic side to his nature. For a largeportion of the book, he seems like an irritable old man who isfurious at the world however, his quest for the ducks speaks to theinterest of youth and an upbeat eagerness to experience the secretsof the humankind. It is a critical minute, because Holden obviouslyneeds such ability in different parts of his existence (Combs 53).
Theducks and their lake are typical in a few ways. Their bafflingpersistence even with an unwelcoming environment reverberates withHolden`s knowledge of his own circumstance. Furthermore, the ducksdemonstrate that a few vanishings are not permanent. Traumatized andmade intensely mindful of the delicacy of life by his sibling Allie`sdemise, Holden is unnerved by the thought of progress and vanishing(Bloom 134). The ducks vanish each winter, yet they come back everyspring, hence indicating adjustment that is not lasting, thoughcyclical. Finally, the lake itself turns into a minor similitude forthe humankind as Holden views it because it seems to be "halfwaysolidified and mostly not solidified." The lake is experiencingsignificant change between two states, in the same way that Holden ison the move between adolescence and adulthood (Salinger 185).
Holden`sperceptions are not by any means wrong. He might be a profoundlyshrewd storyteller, and he is extremely mindful of shallow conduct inthose around him. All around the novel, he experiences numerouscharacters that appear influenced, pompous, or shallow. Hayes, Sally,Sunny Maurice Carl Luce and, and even Mr. Spencer emerge as examples.A few characters, in the same way as Maurice and Sunny, aredestructive. Nonetheless, despite the fact that Holden uses so muchvitality scanning for phoniness people, he never specifically noticeshis own phoniness (Combs 103).
Hisduplicities are mostly pointless and merciless and he points out thathe is an enthusiastic liar. For instance, on the train, heading toNew York, he executes a cowardly and unnecessary trick on Mrs.Morrow. He might like people to think that he is a shining example ofexcellence in a universe of phoniness however, that is not thesituation (Salinger 95).
Inconclusion, Even though Holden might want to believe that humankindis a basic spot and that ideals and innocence lies on one side whiletriviality and phoniness lie on the other, he displays his owncontradiction. The globe is not as basic as he might like it to beyet he cannot hold fast to the same contradicting principles withwhich he evaluates other individuals. Phoniness, for Holden, remainsas a token of everything that is not right in his generalsurroundings and gives a reason to him to isolate himself into hiscritical detachment.
Salinger,J D. TheCatcher in the Rye.London: Penguin, 2010. Print.
Bloom,Harold. J.d.Salinger`s the Catcher in the Rye.New York: Bloom`s Literary Criticism, 2009. Internet resource.
Combs,James E. PhonyCulture: Confidence and Malaise in Contemporary America.Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green State University Popular Press,1994. Print.
Salzman,Jack. NewEssays on the Catcher in the Rye.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991. Print.