SOCIALIZATION OF PEOPLE FROM DIFFERENT GENERATION 4
Socializationof People from Different Generation
Socializationof People from Different Generations into a Different Language andCulture
Socializationrefers to the process of acquiring social identities andinternalizing values, statues, norms, and roles in a social world. Italso refers to the process whereby people learn the values, actions,attitudes as a member of a particular culture. There are five typesof socialization primary, anticipatory, developmental socialization,reverse socialization, and socialization (Roopnarine, 2002). Primarysocialization occurs during early years of life. A child learns thelanguage that people surrounding him or her speaks. Anticipatorysocialization is the learning about a person’s role in a society.Developmental socialization is the learning that is added or blendedto other socializations. On the other hand, reverse socializationoccurs when a young generation transfer knowledge to the earliergeneration. For instance, child can teach his or her old grandparenthow to use a laptop. Finally, resocialization refers to a sharp breakof the previous generations. However, socialization of people differsfrom generation one generation.
Accordingto Lev Vygotsy, every person is socialized by the society where theyspend much time (Vygotskij and Rieber, 1999). He definessocialization as a process of culture transmission from onegeneration to another, both unintentional and deliberate. However,socialization of different generation differs. For instance, thesocialization of a child, his or her parents’ generation, and thatof grandparents differs, though they are all from the same community.In most rural areas, children have their early social contact withtheir parents, brothers and sisters. Therefore, they learn thebeliefs, values, and custom of their society from them. However, asthey grow up and join school, they acquire other forms ofsocializations. This is because they met other people from anothersociety and with different culture. Technology is the main cause ofsocialization difference in society. In the early days, a personneeded o send a letter if he or she wanted to pass information to aperson far away. The current generation does not send lettersanymore. They use the technological devices such as laptop, iPod, andcell phone for communication. Other mass media such as newspapers,television, and magazine has also influenced the current generationsocialization. Young people are using this media to learn aboutvarious aspects in life.
Languageis a structure of communication that comprises of sets of sounds andwritten symbols which are used by a people of a particular country orregion for talking and writing. Lev Vygotsy urges that language isan external tool used in social interaction (Vygotskij et al., 1999).A child develops language skills by listening and imitating whatother grown people say. Through socialization, children learnlanguage of their culture where they are born. They also learn theirrole in the society. Similarly, language of different generationdiffers. For example, in Turkish culture, most of the old people canonly communicate in Turkish language. Conversely, the young peoplecan communicate in both Turkish English language. In the modernworld, most countries are adopting English as a national language,unlike in the year years. This has made it complicated for some youngchildren to learn from their parents and grandparent. For instance,some children in Turkey can only communicate in English whereas theirgrandparents communicate in Turkish. Hence, the two generation cannotsocialize easily due to the language barrier.
Socializationhas been viewed as a means of learning from other people. In orderfor a child to grow, their parents and guardians teach them abouttheir culture. However, there are several drain developments that achild has to undergo before some socialization takes place. Forinstance, a child needs to learn how to speak before learning theroles of various people in the society.
Roopnarine,J. L. (2002). Parent-childsocialization in diverse cultures.Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publ.
Vygotskij,L. S., & Rieber, R. W. (1999). Thecollected works of L.S. Vygotsky: Vol. 6.New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ.