Running head: SLAVERY IN THE 19TH CENTURY 1
Slaveryin the 19thcentury.
Inthe nineteenth century, there occurred class struggles between thebourgeoisie and the proletariat (Rivers, 2012). In Europe thestruggle was intense as by that time revolution was taking place. Labor in the Nineteenth century was very oppressive. Workers duringthis period were involuntarily sacked from their jobs.Duringthis period, employees had no choice voluntarily to leave their jobs,and they were made to work until the year was expired. Nevertheless,they had an undoubted right to choose their own place of labor.Moreover, the workers were paid low wages as $ 2.25 per week (Teresa,1992). Changing of occupation to another was contrasted as exchangeof property between the owners of means of production
Laborduring this era was also frequented by long working hours i.e. fromsunrise to sunset. Welfare of the workers was not considered. Duringwinters, business went as usual. Accommodation problems accompaniedworkers in this century. They lived in overcrowded and shatteredboarding houses where they paid so much for it, but common comfortswere not experienced at all (Robert, 2001). Factory life during thistime was unbearable as workers lived in regrets and always praying atime will come where a revolution will be reinstated, and freedomsand choices would prevail. According to Karl Marx, women inNineteenth century were exploited primarily because they wereinferior to man (Marx and Engels, 1886). Men had more status thanwomen. Women became like slaves to submit to men. They were for suchroles as maiden for soldiers. Engel also observed that child laborwas frequented in the Nineteenth century (Klaus, 1987). The owners ofmeans of production equated child labor with free labor as they paidthem low wages. Therefore, children were converted to slaves workingin factories.
Insummary, oppression of workers in the Nineteenth century convertedworkers to slaves. The bourgeoisie dominated all the fields ofproduction while the lower class frequented the production levels.
Klaus,J. (1987). Population,Labor and migration.Washington, D.C. :Berg publishers.
Marx,K. & Engels, F. (1886). TheManifesto of the Communists.New York: International Publishing Co.
Rivers,L. E. (2012). Rebelsand runaways: Slave resistance in nineteenth-century Florida.Illinois: University of Illinois Press.
Robert,J.(2001).Coercion and Submission. NewYork: Harvard University Press.
Teresa,A. (1992). Tenhours Labor, Religion, Reform, and Gender in Early New England.London: Cornell University Press.