Medical sociology is a field that is concerned about the medicalinstitutions and the social and cultural effects of the medicalpractice as opposed to the actual medical practice. The movie was a documentary about universal healthcare for the citizens ofAmerica. The film compared the healthcare system in America with thatof developed countries such as Canada and United Kingdom. The moviedocumented how the healthcare system in America was inadequate anddid not serve the majority of the citizens, who are poor. The moviedocumented how the American healthcare system did not benefit thepoor and those who needed the help of insurance so as to meet theirmedical needs (Callenbach, 2008). According to the film, the Canadianand French healthcare systems took care of all aspects of medicalcare including social services.
The field of medical sociology looks at the social aspects of themedical field and its impact in the society. The sector recognizesthat healthcare is a social issue as much it is a health matter. Therole of social issues in medical cases cannot be overruled as somemedical problems have social connections. Medical sociology isconcerned about the social issues of health and illness (Turner,2004). It is necessary to comprehend the social environment of healthas this affects the general welfare of the people and has an impacton the healthcare system. In the film the directorshighlighted how the healthcare system in Canada and France had led toa reduction in healthcare costs as the social aspects of thehealthcare system such as public knowledge of the system assisted inreducing medical problems (Callenbach, 2008).
The functionalism theory views the field of medicine as a socialsystem that has various parts that place an individual in thecommunity. The association between a person and the society isfundamental to his health condition (Turner, 2004). The healthcondition of people is then placed on the medical system which isresponsible for ensuring that people get the necessary medical care.An efficient health care system has the function of ensuring that thehealth of the community is well handled for purposes of a healthysociety.
The functionalism theory of medical sociology explains why the movie was relevant to the American society. The moviehighlighted how the healthcare system in America had led to manymedical problems that could have been avoided and how it impacted onthe social lives of the citizens. For example, the insurance systemis supposed to ensure that everyone gets quality healthcare so thatin case of illnesses, families do not have the burden of taking careof the medical expenses, which in some cases can stretch people’sfinances (Turner, 2004). The healthcare system is, however, notfunctional, which means that families and communities often shoulderthe burden of medical expenses.
In conclusion, medical conclusion is a field that is concerned aboutthe social aspects of health and illnesses. The movie highlighted how the American healthcare system had failed incomparison to other developed countries such as Canada and France. Inthe two countries, the healthcare system ensured that people have noworries about medical care as an insurance system caters for thehealth of all citizens. According to the functionalist theory, thehealthcare system has the function of ensuring that people areprotected at all times from various illnesses, and it must respond tohealthcare needs of the citizens.
Callenbach, E. (2008). "Sicko." FilmQuarterly. Berkeley, California: TheUniversityof California Press.
Turner, B, M. (2004). The New Medical Sociology: Social Forms ofHealth and Illness. New York, NY: W.W. Norton.