ROAD TO REVOLUTION AND NEW REPUBLIC 6
Roadto Revolution and New Republic
ByEuropean standards how did colonists` life in North America look?Why? What was the international context of the 18th century? Whathappened in the 1760s, early 1770s? Was the American Revolution a"straightforward series of events"? Why or why not?(150)
Thewar between the French and Indians resulted to an unavoidable secondwar known as the American Revolution. Nevertheless, the war did noterupt overnight but due to a series of events. Associations betweenBritain and its protectorates weakened in a number of sluggish, rawstages.
However,the fundamental difference of opinion between Britain and theprotectorates was about the subject of representation in government.It is important to note that the question of representation inBritish dated period of the Magna Carta. According to the principleof the Magna Carta, as British legislative assembly, the Parliamentrepresents each and every citizen of the British domain and for thatreason had the obligation to suppose their compliance to its laws(Armstrong & Hillam, 2003). The colonists alleged that becausethere were no American voting members of Parliament into thelegislature, the colonies were not represented and hence did not haveto comply with. “…1765 representative from nine of thethirteen colonies declare the Stamp Act unconstitutional as it was atax levied without their consent…”
Whatkind of Revolution did the so called Americans create? How radicalwas it? How did American political culture change in the course ofthe American Revolution?(150)
“…Americanvictory over the British army was made possible by the existence ofan already- armed people. Just about every white male had a gun, andcould shoot. The Revolutionary leadership distrusted the mobs ofpoor. But they knew the Revolution had no appeal to slaves andIndians. They would have to woo the armed white population…”
Neitherparty was enthusiastic on giving up way on this subject consequentlyparliamentary heads selected a course of action that brought togetherthe colonists to rise up against Parliament as their mutualadversary. As a result, they enacted a chain of acts legalizing taxeson a range of regal imports, including molasses, tea, and paper. Thecolonists hit back with a succession of acts of publicinsubordination, including the Boston Tea Party. Parliament passedthe Tea Act in 1773, which eliminated import tariffs on tea enteringEngland and allowed the company to sell directly to consumers ratherthan through merchants. Nevertheless, in the end they recognized thatthe idea was of a national assembly was valid and decided to dealwith the problem as a concern of state. In 1774, delegates to theContinental Congress appealed to Parliament to put right of theircomplaints. However, prior to them receiving an answer, the firstshots of the War of Independence were fired in Massachusetts markingthe begging of the American Revolution.
Whatkind of a nation did Americans create? What kind of government didthey want? What was the founding fathers` vision? What were theissues that divided Jefferson and Hamilton? When they said theywanted a Republic, what did the founding fathers have in mind? Whatwere their hopes? Their fears?(150)
“TheAmerican wanted to ..Create a society that combines systems ofeconomy and politics that made it possible for most people to livecomfortably…”
Therewere a number of fall outs between Thomas Jefferson who was thesecretary of state and Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton.Hamilton wanted a strong central government while Jefferson wanted adecentralized power and stronger state governments. Jefferson was inthe favor of strict interpretation of the constitution since it wouldlimit the powers of the national government. Also, Jefferson wasopposed to the idea of a national bank arguing that it would give thenational government excess powers. Hamilton argued that a nationalbank was desirable and necessary as it would secure the US economy.In matters of governance, Hamilton believed in elitism arguing thathe did not believe that masses of amateurish could not be able tosustain democracy. On the other hand, Jefferson wanted a smallgovernment with absolute power in the states founded on an Agrarianeconomy. Being a democratic-republican, Jefferson vision was acountry of rural farmers with petite government intervention. In theFrench revolution, Jefferson was in favor of supporting theRevolutionaries in their quest of ousting the monarchy. Additionally,Hamilton did not want to break the relationship between the US andEngland and opted to maintain close ties arguing that therelationship between the countries and in particular economicrelations.
Whatdid "common sense" mean to founding fathers? They believedthat if people developed common sense, then they would becomevirtuous. What did they mean by "virtuous"? Who wouldcultivate their "common sense"?(150)
“… CommonSense advocated independence for the American colonies from Britainand is considered one of the most influential pamphlets in Americanhistory…”
TheFounding Fathers acknowledged that in order for the society to havefirst-rate and accountable governance, the society had to upholdtheir ethical scope, continue being involved in the political courseof action, and prepared to embrace their leaders conscientious fortheir actions. Superior and accountable authority also mandated forreputable, distinguished, and unbiased public servants who place thewelfare of the American people and nation foremost before their own. Despondently, the fundamental requirements of mutually the Americanpublic and political leaders for preserving self-determination andguaranteeing superior, accountable governance delineated by theFounding Fathers no longer thrives in present-day American society.
Whatwas the place of African Americans in the Republic? How could theinstitution of slavery exist in a society determined to limit man`spower over other men? In a society where there was so much talk aboutfreedom, equality and virtue? (150)
“… There was an inherent contradiction in the whiteswanting to gain liberation from England while enslaving blacks at thesame time…”
Eventhough the population of African Americans was noteworthy, AfricanAmericans basically did not subsist prior to the Revolution.Thequest for life, freedom, and the pursuit of happiness impinged onthose mainly destitute for these unalienable rights. AfricanAmericans were simply ignored with nothing much being told aboutthem. As a matter of fact, African American leaders were onlyacknowledged after the Revolution. With most farmers having workerswho were blacks, the revolution was a great eye opener to the people.They were still being denied freedom and slavery was still common inthe both the South and North. Slavery was an outright denial ofpeoples` freedoms with the slaves being forced to work in plantationsagainst their will.
Armstrong, L., & Hillam, C. (2003). The road to revolution.St. Louis, Missouri: Milliken Pub. Co.