Humangenomics discovery has transformed the understanding of the 20thcentury science. The triumph of human genomics has created a heateddebate relating to the understanding of life with respect to religionand science. The discovery was government sponsored owing to itscomplexity and benefits proposed. However, the excitement created bythe discovery has influenced the science greatly. Personalizedgenomics refer to a branch of genomics that analyzes individualgenome characteristics. The paper explores the world of personalgenomics tools and characteristics. It highlights some importantaspect of that technology, social and ethical issues raised and apersonal point of view of the development.
Accordingto Ransohoff & Khoury (2010), the developments made inunderstanding personal genomics are attributed to biotechnologicaldevelopment. Nobel Prize-winning in DNA sequencing technology pavedway for the development of the human genome. The biotechnologist areidentifying ways in which the personal genomics can be catalogued anddetermined in gene sequencing in order to understand the coding inthe DNA. However, there is variation occurring between persons. Forexample,single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Understanding thesegenes in the human DNA is a great success towards understandinggenetic diseases and drug metabolism in the human body system.
Amy,Mildred, Sean, & Timothy (2007) argues that, with the discoveryand advancement in the digital equipments, the study of these geneticcharacteristics has been simplified. However, the field requiresknowledge and experience in the coding and gene characteristics andfunctions. In the search of that knowledge, the Harvard PersonalGenome Project has received a large number of volunteers willing toshare their genome data, health and trait information. It can,therefore, be used in storing information about an individual’spersonal health and traits. For this reason, the personal genomicshave attracted the attention of most disciplines including religion,law, engineering and science in the process of identifying theeffects of the experience. Understanding the genes and DNA synthesisand characteristics at a personal level has enhanced the discoveriesmade through the technology based experimentation.
Socialand Ethical Implication
Accordingto Bryndis, Daniel, Hanjun, & Chris, (2009), personal genomicshas attracted the attention of many stakeholders with respect to itsethical and social arguments. The paper focuses on the ethical issuesraised concerning the privacy associated with personalized genome­­­­­­­­McGill University and theirpartners in genomic science, Genome Quebec Innovation Centre, QCthat is located in Canada. It argues that ethical principles shouldbe enlarged from a traditional understanding based on autonomy andindividual privacy protection to a more reasonable understanding thatpaves the way for more concrete principle that is based on thequality, safety and solidarity.
Theunderstanding held by both the research and medical ethics points outthat regardless of the topic being personalized genomics, thereshould be a move towards more relational as well as commentaryconcepts. For that reason, there should be a higher need for bettergovernance in a move to promote quality assurance in the personalgenomics with the intention of promoting awareness and at the sametime normalize the concepts of genomics by making the information available to the people. The human genome has not been well examinedwith the doubts being raised on speculation rather than actualfindings from the research[ CITATION Mar09 l 1033 ].
Educationto the society
Accordingto Mardis & Lunshof (2009), education plays an important role ineliminating the doubts based on speculation and beliefs associatedwith genomic science. Educating the society on the principles ofoperation where personalised genomics is applied is an important steptowards achieving the desirable findings and conception. Neil Lamband Chris Gunter, who is actively engaged in human genomics at theHudson Alpha Institute for Biotechnology, AL, USA argues thateducation has to be involved if the proposed benefit of humangenomics is to be realized.
Theycontinue by suggesting that this form of education on the humangenome should not only be given to them lay persons in the society,but also to the members who are actively engaged including thephysicians and science journalists. In addition, Lamb and Gunterhighlights that embracing the discoveries made in human genomicscould be essential to a number of problems the society is facing suchas cancer treatment and other genetically inherited diseases.Availability of DTC genetic is an important test since it will play amajor role for non-geneticist in the city will be educated on theprinciples that are held by the personal genomics and the conceptsthat are raised[ CITATION Mic10 l 1033 ].
Theconcern raised by the society on ethical and social implication ofgenomics is important. However, there is more benefit that may beleaping from genomics that harm. In fact, if personal data ingenomics is held accountable, the entire field of genetics wouldreceive the acceptability and advancement with time. Personalgenomics may help eliminate the suffering people have gone through ingenetic disorders and illnesses. The knowledge gained may be relevantin the search for treatment of diseases that attack the geneticalelements such as DNA and RNA. Personalized genomics may also ease thetreatment for the patients since their genetic information may bepreserved for use when the need arises. Interestingly, the field ofgenomics may be the world’s most important discovery that can beapplied in elimination of the suffering patients have gone through inillnesses considered incurable.
Improvingthe accessibility of personal genomics information to people willremove the objection raised by the members of the society. Theargument raised Michael, Jiang, & Mark (2010) is relevant in thateducating the society is vital if the personal genomics concepts anddiscoveries is directed towards helping the society members. Therehas been a continued misconception on the role genomics will playtowards changing the lives of people. Critical understanding ofhuman genomics will pave the way for more discovery on drugmetabolism, cancer replication and HIV infection and treatment thatmay be the greatest achievement that could be achieved to eliminatethese killer illnesses that have not had cured for years.
Personalizedgenomics are essentially beneficial to people in the society.However, privacy should be considered in ensuring that personalinformation does not leak to the society. In addition, the globalnetwork should be controlled by a regulating authority to ensure thatthe information and technology is not misused by the scientist forpersonal interest or to cause harm to an individual member of thesociety. Education is needed if the technology is to be accepted in asociety full of speculation about the technology as stated byBryndis, Daniel, Hanjun, & Chris (2009) that genomic knowledge isthe discovery of the century that should be embraced.
Amy, L. M., Mildred, K. C., Sean, E. M., & Timothy, C. (2007 ). The Future of . NIH Public Access, 1-3.
Bryndis, Y., Daniel, G. M., Hanjun, J., & Chris, T.-S. (2009 ). The promise and reality of personal genomics. Genome Biology, 237.1-237.4.
Mardis, & Lunshof. (2009 ). A focus on personal genomics. Personalized Medicine, 603–606.
Michael, S., Jiang, D., & Mark, G. (2010). Personal genome sequencing: current approaches and challenges. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 423–431.
Ransohoff, & Khoury. (2010). Personal genomics: information can be harmful. Eur J Clin Invest , 64–68.