Peakwater is a conception that assists ecologists to comprehend therising restraints on the obtainability, value, and utilization offreshwater resources (Truthloader, 2013 Gleick, 2011). In fact,Gleick (2011) assert that although the world has enormous amount ofwater, sustainably managed water is becoming scarce thus, the notionof peak water. Peak water has three definitions such as peakrenewable water, which refers to the limit reached when people obtainthe total renewable flow of a stream or water for utilization. Assuch, although water is renewable, there is a limit on how muchpeople can use (Truthloader, 2013). On the other hand, peaknon-renewable refers to scenarios where people deplete some watersources such as groundwater aquifers. Finally, peak ecological waterrefers to a point where any additional people’s use of water causemore harm ecologically, socially, and economically than benefit.
Availabilityof resources such as water has led to crises around the world leadingto the introduction of new ideas and concepts into the public debate(Gleick, 2011). Experts from the field of energy have said that theworld has passed or is approaching the point of maximum production ofresources. The effect of reaching this point in terms of water has alot of impact on political, environment and economic. Natural wateris said to be running out and the world will cease using it and gofor other sources of water such as borehole water and recycled water(Nadarajah, 2007).
Anystate under development must first investigate and assess whether thearea do have adequate water to sustain the people expected to residethere (Nadarajah, 2007). Developers should show and prove that theyhave 100 years of adequate supply of water in states like whathappens in Tucson, Prescott and Phoenix. Developers must assess andtest places for the supply and source of water to avoid causing harmto the environment. In fact, some places have enough supply of water,but not enough for long periods thus, sustenance is problem topeople who live in those areas. For example, if people live in placesfor durations less than 100 years and then shift to other areas dueto lack of sustainable water, they will have inconsistent productioncapacities (Nadarajah, 2007). Furthermore, such scenarios will alwayslead to confrontations and hostilities as they seek to find placesfor economic prestige. Although the world has vast amount of water,the supply and source of some water demonstrates that developers mustassess that the supply of water will feed people’s homes for around100 years.
Gleick,P. (2011, October 18). Peter Gleick – and Peak EcologicalLimits. YouTube.Retrieved June 6, 2014, fromhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fkP5IzF51is
Nadarajah,S. (2007). Exact distribution of the peak streamflow. WaterResources Research,43(2),16.
Truthloader.(2013, July 23). Peak oil and peak water explained [part one] -Truthloader. YouTube.Retrieved June 6, 2014, fromhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IVSUojg6FpQ