PACIFIC RIM COUNTRY WEBSITE 8
PacificRim Country Website
WorldFact Monster. (2013). Ecuador. InformationPlease Database.Web. Retrieved on May 3, 2014 fromhttp://www.factmonster.com/country/ecuador.html
Thefactbook contains basic information about Ecuador includinggeographical location, climate, government, major historical events,key economic products, and transport systems. The resource does alsolist down major economic products, historical international disputes,trading partners, natural resources, land size, economic summary,unemployment, languages, and ethnicities, as well as races in thecountry.
EcuadorHistory Timeline & Facts. (2014). FindFast Organization Database.Internet resource. Retrieved on May 3, 2014 fromhttp://www.findfast.org/history-and-events-timeline-ecuador.htm
Thisresource lists down major events that have helped in shaping the pasttimes and history. The historical timeline begins from Mesoamericancivilizations in 1535 and extends to the present day. Over time, theancient civilizations have divided into twelve independent nations.The history includes major political, economy and cultural influencesthat shaped Ecuador’s present status.
Geographyof Ecuador. (2014). 123Independence Day Database.Internet resource. Retrieved on May 3, 2014 fromhttp://www.123independenceday.com/ecuador/geography.html
Theresource provides a complete description of Ecuador geography. Amongthe key geographical features described in the website, include themajestic Galapagos Islands off the coast, El Oriente (Amazon jungle)in the east, La Costa (the Pacific coastal lowlands) in the west, andLa Sierra (Andes Mountains) in the center. The resource alsospecifies the area covered by land, as well as that covered by water.Besides topography, the source describes varied ecological zones,wildlife, and vegetation. The resource will help in readers tounderstand the topography and other crucial geographical landmarks inthe country.
HighBeamResearch, LLC. (2005). EcuadorEconomy.InfoPlease Database. Internet resource. Retrieved on May 3, 2014 fromhttp://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/world/ecuador-economy.html
Theresource contains comprehensive information concerning the Ecuadoreconomy such as major trade partners, major imports and exports,population distribution, and average income per person. The databasealso identifies key economic resources influencing the industry. Theresource will be relevant in the essay since it identifies keyeconomic sectors.
Kwintessential.(2013). Ecuador- Language, Culture, Customs, and Etiquette.Internet resource. Retrieved on May 3, 2014 fromhttp://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/ecuador.html
Theresource outlines the population size of various religious groups,different cultures, etiquette, language, and culture of the localpeople. The resource will be relevant in the main web page, as itwill give evidence concerning different religious and customarybeliefs in the country.
Ecuadorhistory dates back over 8,000 years back. Various territories andcultures have influenced the present day the Republic of Ecuador. Thehistorical period can be classified into five distinct sections thatinclude the Republican Era the Conquest, Pre-Columbian, the War ofIndependence, and the Colonial Period. The history began in 15thcentury when people were living in clans, which often collaborated tocreate strong confederations. Among the major civilizations in thePre-Columbian empire included La Bahia and La Tolita culture. TheInca Civilization instigated the first major invasion of the modernday Ecuador. The Inka was a major civilization in the present dayPeru, and that was headquartered at Cusco. The empire was so strongsuch that the combined forces of the local confederations could notdefeat the bloody invasion. The Inca used both conquest andassimilation methods to incorporate South American tribes into thekingdom. The Inca ruled Ecuador from 1438 to 1533 when Spanishconquistadors defeated the kingdom (Ecuador History Timeline &Facts, 2014). The Spain took over the entire region ruled by theIncan empire. For the next two centuries, Spain expanded the kingdomto the neighboring nations. By 1700, Ecuador became part of a Spaincolony known as Viceroyalty of New Granada that was composed ofPanama, Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela. In 1810, Napoleon overthrewthe King of Spain. Various former Spanish Kingdoms establishedindependent governments in South America. In 1814, Spain deployedtroops to South America to conquer the uprising in its empires.However, General General Simon Bolivar conquered the royalist forcesin 1819, in the in the Battle of Boyaca. After the victory, thegeneral announced formation of the Republic of Colombia on 7thAugust. The territory encompassed Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador.However, the local Ecuador tribes defeated Spaniards in the battle ofPichincha in 1822. Ecuador became independent (World Fact Monster,2013).
Thecountry is situated on Western South America along the Pacific Ocean.It is located along the Equator line, which it derives its name. Thecountry consists various geographical zones ranging from snowcappedmountains such as the Andes to the desert-like environments in theSouthwestern Coast, and the Amazon Plains Basin area. The country islocated at 2°00′S 77°30′W and it borders in the east and south(1,420 km border), as well as Colombia in the north (590 km border).The average size of the country is 283,560 km2. Some of the keygeographic regions include the Galápagos Islands and the La Sierra.Famous volcanic mountains in the country include Chimborazo (6,267m), Cotopaxi (5,897 m), Illiniza (5,248 m), Pichincha (4,784 m) andTungurahua (5,023 m). The Amazon basin has oil fields and naturalrainfall forests, which are essential economic resources. Similarly,Andes Mountain offers suitable farming zones that boost the country’seconomy (Geography of Ecuador, 2014).
Ecuador’seconomy mainly depends on the economy, although agriculture is stilla major economic resource. The key agricultural products includemanioc, rice, plantains, and potatoes for subsistence consumption. Onthe other hand, Cocoa, bananas and coffee are other major cash crops.Petroleum remains the most significant export product. Other majorindustries contributing in the development of the economy includetextile manufacturing, food processing, wood products, tourism, andchemical production. Major economic partners include Brazil, theUnited States, Peru, Colombia, and Venezuela. The country is part ofthe Andean Community, which is a South American countries’organization (HighBeam Research, LLC, 2005).
Majorand minor religions
Approximately91.95% of the Ecuador population is members of a given faith. TheEcuadorian National Institute of Statistics asserts that the peoplecan be classified, in terms of religion, 80.44% Catholics, 1.29%Jehovah`s Witnesses, 11.30% Protestants, 7.94% Atheists, 0.11%Agnostics, and 6.97% Other. Catholicism became a major religion inSpain after the defeat of the Roman Empire in 1535. After Ecuadoracquired a new constitution in 1869, Catholicism became the officialreligion. Only Catholics could become citizens of Ecuador. However,the administration of Alfaro constitutionalized religion in 1899.Education and state matters became free of religious influence. TheBuddhism, Judaism, Bahá`í Faith, and Islam are other minorreligious groups in Ecuador (Kwintessential, 2013).
Mostof the Ecuador population is composed of Mestizo people, which is anintegration of Amerindian and European region. The culture ofEcuadorians is highly influenced by Catholicism since over 90% of thepeople are Catholics. However, majority of the Christians integratetheir traditional beliefs with the Christian beliefs (Kwintessential,2013).