MIGRATION IN MEXICO ` 6
Mexicois located between North America and Central America boarders.Chapter 11&13 in Harvest of Empire article analyses the migrationand free trade in Mexico as according to two films Which Way Home,Rebecca Camissa and Sin Nombre, Gary Fukunaga gives an impression onwhat happened during immigration. During the migration in Mexico gavea history on how the migrants of different ages, background, sex,ethnicity and nationality migrated within and outside the country.Immigration from Mexico towards Central America was due to economicissues and poverty and the environmental issues.
Migrantsof different ages and sex
Fromthe article harvest of time, Juan Gonzalez analyzed the challengesthat children and adults faced during the immigrant. In Sin Nombremovie, Gary Fukunaga gives a story of young children who emigratedfrom Mexico to US. The main characters as they were travelling theymet gangs along the way for which they were easily converted eitherto be gangs or illegal immigrants in US. According to Which Way Homefilm by Rebecca Camissa analyzes the dehumanization situations whichadult and child migrant faced on their journey from Mexico to US.There were gangs who killed people, rob them, rape women and kidnapthem for money. There was full of police corruptions, endangeringtheir lives by jumping on cargo trains and falling underneath theirwheels where women also prostituted in order to get along the borderwith U.S.
Themost affected immigrants were the poor people since their aim was togo and search for jobs. In the Harvest of Empire poor people reliedon agricultural products which they farmed on their lands which werenot adequate to sustain their living standards thus immigration forsearch of jobs.
Ethnicgroup is a collection of people with the same ancestral, cultural,social or nationality. The ethnic group which had the smallpopulation was ignored in Mexico for which they had to find way ofliving where they became gangs or illegal immigrants as analyzed bythe two films Which Way Home, Rebecca Camissa and Sin Nombre, GaryFukunaga.
Asummary about Harvest of Empire in chapter 11&13
Afterillegal immigrants in US, economic life in America was affected. As aresult, US started a worldwide campaign for free trade which wasmeant to lower tariffs on imported products and create freshexport-oriented production zones to provide services to foreignfirms. For the succession, the company had to check strengths ofexperienced management board and team of directors, strongdistribution and manufacturing system and acceptance in the lines ofthe three metropolitan it competes with. External factors whichfavored US were increasing demand of Mexican foods, the power of themarket upscale for the organization’s products and technologicalbreakthroughs for food processing to make it simpler for smallerproducers of food (Gonzalez, 2000). Unfavorable factors includedweakness in management team, financial resources, and distribution ofgoods and awareness. Threats were prices limits and competition withother companies.
Consideringfree trade among US and Mexico there was child labor reborn andtrampled the rights of employees. As agricultural manufacture inUS countries, engaged in foreign agribusiness where young peopleabandoned their countries to find jobs in the nearby zones. Therewere poor infrastructures of sewage system, roads, housing, andinstitutions to the sudden flow of population (Gonzalez, 2000). Thisresulted to the establishment of slums and new plants which later ledto pollution, untreated human ravage and diseases. Free trade zonesled to more unexpected and drastic problems since still in the firmswhich the people were employed gave  low wages. UStook advantage of launching new corporations in Mexico whereemployers and many private traders are from US. Gradually throughfree trade, Mexico adopted free trade strategies from which they werecontrolled by US financial institutions. The policies were sellingfree assets and raising exports to settle debts. Mexico was toprivatizing banks and selling off state-owned corporations that areduring 1982 and 1992. Chasm was created between the poor and the richinstead of prospering (Gonzalez, 2000).
In1965 border industrialization program was introduced between Mexicoand US which the aim was to reduce tariff in their borders. As aresult, they expected jobs to be created within the two countriesalong the border and immigration reduced by maquailas since theMexicans would work and stay in their nation with the subsidiaries inNorth American. In the side of Mexico warehouse was the only that wasestablished in which a small number of people were employed. Maquilasemployed youthful Mexican women unlike US old firms that greatlyemployed men. Due to employment of women in Mexico who were not partof the labor force, it led to unemployment to men (Gonzalez, 2000).As the women were drawn out of societies led to social disruption ofthe rural villages where they provided labor without payment. Menalso ended up following their women to cities where some of themafter arriving crossed the boarders and some got employed in maquilasat little wages (Gonzalez, 2000).
Gonzalez,J. (2000). Harvestof Empire: A History of Latinos in America.New York: Viking Penguin.