Deliveringa speech is an act that determines how the message is delivered, towho and its impact. Thus, it is important to choose the right methodto deliver a speech depending on one’s situation, position, as wellas the audience. This essay focuses on the four methods of speechdelivery.
Readingverbatim from a manuscript
Thisis a method of speech delivery where the speaker reads from amanuscript. In simple terms, it is a written speech. This method isnot the best for presenting speech in front of an audience althoughit is useful in certain instances including when the speaker hasgreat responsibility such as the head of state delivering a speech tothe nation. In addition, no mistakes can be made when reading frommanuscript. News casters also use this method as they cannot affordmaking a mistake. In addition, in instances it is convenient whenthere are strict limits placed on the speech, such as on radio or ontelevision.
Decidingfrom a memorized text
Thisentail preparing a manuscript and practicing and memorizing it untilone can recite it without the script. This is very difficult andinappropriate for novice speakers. Memorizing imparts a lot ofpressure on the speaker and unless one is an exceptional speaker, heor she may make the speech sound memorized. For professionalspeakers, this is the mode of delivery as they are proficient andfrequently use their speech. They can customize their speech to suitthe audience without any difficulties. This is not an appropriatemethod for people with great responsibility such as heads of statesand politicians since their speech is analyzed by critics and mayhave serious implications in case of a mistake.
Asthe name suggests speaking impromptu is delivering a speech withoutany prior arrangements. This is usually a useful mode when one iscalled in an event to make a speech such as a respectable member ofthe society like a priest, a renowned business person to mention afew. The main challenge with this type of speech is that, one musthave prior experience with speech delivering or at least the basicsof speech delivery. It entails the aspects of a prepared speech ofgeneral communication. There is barely any time to prepare hence onemust be really sharp to know the main points of his or her speech,establish the purpose, use appropriate examples and make a memorableconclusion.
Thisis considered the most ideal model of delivering a speech as comparedto reading a manuscript. It allows the speaker to deliver a preparedspeech devoid the benefit of manuscript. In this system, the ideas,organization, enhancing materials of the speech to be delivered aremeticulously prepared beforehand. The preparation does not involvememorization, but rather familiarization with the main points and thegeneral flow of the speech. The advantage of speakingextemporaneously is that, one is able to put ideas in their ownwords, unlike in a written speech. Unlike in written speech ormemorized speech, one is able to maintain visual and psychologicalcontact with his or her audience. Unlike memorized and manuscriptmethods of speech delivery, it has all the spontaneity and immediacyof informal conversation, affording the speaker great flexibility.Ultimately, one can incorporate techniques used in other methods ofdelivery to produce a great piece.
Inconclusion, the type of speech method one chooses to use depends onthe occasion, the purpose and the situation or one’sresponsibility. A newscaster and people with greater responsibilitiesmust read manuscript as there is no room for mistakes. Professionalspeakers on the other hand can memorize manuscript or speakextemporaneously. Impromptu speaking may not give people an option asit is just impromptu.