METEROLOGY AND CLIMATOLOGY 4
Meteorologyis the science of studying atmosphere processes and phenomena withthe objective of forecasting the weather. The science phenomenaencompass observable weather characteristics. On the other hand,climatology refers to weather patterns compiled over a long time.Both climatology and meteorology are atmospheric science branchesinvolved with analyzing and describing weather factors such as wind,temperature, solar radiation, and precipitation. However, meteorologycompiles short-term factors that can help them to predict weathercondition in the future while climatology describes climate andanalyzes causes and practical effects of climatic changes anddifferences (Smith et al., 2003). Climatologists analyze similarfactors with meteorologists, but they also evaluate gradual actingforces and long-term transformations such as atmospheric gasesconcentration, ocean circulation, and little but assessable disparityin the solar radiation strength (The National Drought MitigationCenter, 2014).
Whendeciding the best action for taking when accounting for climatechange, climatology offers the best platform. This is because itcompiles weather outcome over a long time. According to the NationalDrought Mitigation Center (2014), climatologists try to identify andexplain the effect of climate in society, both presently and in thefuture so that the society can create effective preparations for thefuture such as infrastructure, buildings, and prepare for potentialhazardous weather elements in the future.
Smithet al. (2003) climate change is an important and long-termtransformation in the statistical distribution of weather outcomesover duration that can extend from a few decades to millions ofyears. Climate change may involve alteration in average weatherconditions, or weather distribution across average conditions. Theauthors further asserts that climate change is associable to avariety of factor including solar radiation reaching on the earth’ssurface, biotic processes, volcanic eruptions, plate tectonics, andvarious human activities that have contributed in causing the recentclimate change. Climatology offers reliable data for determiningclimate change since it analyzes data compiled over a long time, aswell as assesses critical changes that occur during the period (Smithet al., 2003).
TheNational Drought Mitigation Center (2014). Whatis Climatology?University of Nebraska, Lincoln.
Smith,J. B., Klein, R. J. T., & Huq, S. (2003). Climatechange, adaptive capacity and development.London: Imperial College Press.