Leadership and management are two terms that have had differentmeaning and interpretations to different scholars. Whereas somepeople argue that the two terms mean the same thing, others stronglybelieve that the two terms are totally different. Despite the variousinterpretations that have been put forward by various scholars,research has indicated that leadership and management are twodifferent aspects. More often than not, management has been regardedas a negative aspect while leadership has been regarded as a positiveaspect (Bertocci, 2009). The differences between leadership andmanagement are clearly portrayed when one seeks to evaluates theirroles or the functions of people in such positions. A vast majorityof the people in highly ranked positions prefer being leaders thanbeing managers. This is for the reason that when they are seen asleaders, they will most likely be received well. However, researchhas also indicated that whereas the two functions may seem different,the more often than not tend to go hand in hand.
The role of a manager has been mostly that of presiding overhis or her subordinates. In other words, the position of a managerhas subordinates who work under the manager. The subordinates aresupposed to work under the instructions of the manager. It is alsoevident that the subordinates work and follow the instructions of themanager because of the rewards that they expect such as salaries andwages. Management is a position that is authoritarian andtransactional (Rost, 2009). People who are in management positionshave immense authority vested in them. People in management positionsdo have followers, but rather have subordinates under them. It isalso imperative to point out that management positions are alsosubordinate positions since they have other people who have delegatedthe duty of delivering results to them. Management positions arefilled with people who are paid to work and therefore the role ofmanagement is work focused.
On the contrary, the leadership seems to be focused on peoplerather than work. Leaders do not have authoritarian aspect or powersin them to direct people. They instead appeal to people through theiractions. Leadership seeks to influence people to follow them andtherefore leaders have followers. Leadership focuses on people andgreat leaders create loyalty amongst their followers (Rost, 2009).Leadership is associated with vision of the organization or group ofpeople. On the contrary, management seeks to achieve certain setgoals through following certain set procedures and principles.
As a ship officer, it is evidently clear that the roles involvedare those of a management. This is because as a ship officer, theposition is an authoritarian position, where the person holding theposition must direct the other people working under him to direct theactivities at the Deck. As a ship officer, it is vital to note thatthis is a critical management position. There are subordinates ofthis position, who are professionals and who rely on yourinstructions. It is also apparent that the position of a ship officerrequires the lead officer to manage a group of junior officers withlower ratings. It is also apparent that as a ship officer, one isrequired to make decisions in regard to steering and maneuvering theship. It is also the role of the ship officer to control thecommunications in the ship. However, it is imperative to note thatthe ship officer does not carry out all these functions on his own,but uses a group of subordinates who he directs to support him carryout his duties.
It is clearly evident that a ship officer has a vast majority of amanagement position roles. However, research has also indicated thata ship officer needs to be calm and an inspiration to the other teammembers. Whereas a ship officer has the role of supervising hissubordinates, he also has the responsibility of ensuring that heinspires confidence in his team. According to the roles of a leaderand a manager, it is clearly evident that inspiration lies under theresponsibilities of a leader. Therefore, being a ship officer doublesup as being a leader and a manager. The ship officer must work handin hand with your teams to ensure that the ship is stable and thecargo and the people are safe.
In conclusion, it is evident from the discussion above thatmanagement and leadership are two different aspects. Management andleadership vary in terms of how the roles involved in each aspect aredivided. Whereas managers seems to have authority and areauthoritarian, leaders seek to appeal to people through their actionsin order to do an activity. It has been found out that managers aremainly focused on the work rather than the people they preside over.Leaders on the contrary are focused more on the people they lead thanon the work they do (Tripathi et al, 2008). In the case of a shipofficer, it has been clearly indicated that his or her roles involvethose of a manager. In fact, the position of a ship officer has beendefined as a critical management position. However, there areinstances where it has been found out that the ship officer may needto work as a leader when inspiring his team to perform their duties.
Bertocci, D. I. (2009). Leadership in organizations: There is adifference between leaders and managers. Lanham, Md:University Press of America.
Rost, J. C. (2009). Leadership for the twenty-first century.New York: Praeger.
Tripathi, P. C., Tripathi, P. C., & Reddy, P. N. (2008).Principles of management. New Delhi:TataMcGraw-Hill Pub.