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1.What for Neil DeGrasse Tyson, and perhaps yourself, is scientificliteracy? What does it mean to be literate in Science? What do youhave to do? What do you have to know? What skills, thinkingprocesses, etc?
Scientificliteracy pertains to the understanding of scientific concepts as wellas processes needed for participation or decision making in economicproductivity, and cultural and civic affairs. To be literate inscience means to be able to determine answers to different questionsthat are derived from everyday experiences. It is about the personhaving the ability to explain, describe, and predict certainphenomena. A person who wants to be literate in science must have aquestioning mind and a non-stop curiosity to delve deeper intocertain events, why they happen, and what could be done to stop themfrom happening. When engaging in arguments, a scientifically literateindividual has all the evidence necessary to support facts.
2.A topic which keeps recurring in this video interview is therelationship between the general public and scientists, theunderstanding of each other. How would you characterize thatcommunication? For successful interactions between scientists andgeneral audiences, what needs to happen? What does each side need todo? Are there/should there be ‘sides’ at all?
First,it is important to note that the general audiences are eitherequipped with scientific knowledge or they lack such ability. Hence,a scientist who tries to communicate a concept must understand thatnot everyone in the audience would be able to fully comprehend whathe would be talking about. Because of this, scientists are urged tocommunicate effectively. In doing so, scientists must first unlockdifficult terms or words that are not commonly understood byaudiences. Next step is to introduce the purpose of the discussion –whether it is about informing the audience or causing an argument.Then lastly, scientists must explain the whole idea of the discoveryor experiments.
3.Can you connect 1 and 2 in light of our discussions of culture andlearning? What are the values of scientists? What are the values ofscience for the general public? How do they or can they cometogether?
Scientistsare said to be people who are literate in science. By being literate,it means they have the knowledge necessary to communicate a difficultconcept to the audience in a more simplistic way. In communicatingwith the audience, a literate scientist discusses the discovery orexperiment in sequential order. This means that certain processes areto be followed in order to communicate effectively to the audience.Hence, it can be said that scientists are there to give light to acomplex phenomenon to the audience so that they can come together anddevise solutions to the phenomenon such as global warming.
DeBoer,G. (2000). Scientific literacy: Another look at its historical andcontemporary meanings and its relationship to science educationreform. JournalOf Research In Science Teaching, 37(6),582–601.
Haydenplanetarium.org,.(2014). Called by the Universe | Neil deGrasse Tyson. Retrieved 3June 2014, fromhttp://www.haydenplanetarium.org/tyson/read/2009/07/23/called-by-the-universe