Historyof Cuba Migration
Themovie BalserosbyBosch describes the history of Cuba migration particularly in the1990’s. The story developed in this documentary film explains howCubans migrated from their land to the United States(Ruiz, Vicki andVirginia, 2006). They used homemade rafts, which were unworthy forsea travelling. As a result, most of them died at the sea beforereaching Florida. Some of the 500,000 emigrants survived at the sea,but, were detained for several months by the US Navy at theGuantanamo Bay.The story depicted in the film forms the part of thehistory of Cuba during the traditional Cold war. The Balsero crisis,which took place in 1994 constitutes the massive emigrations thatwere caused by the war. The film also relates to the plight of theemigrants at the sea. Hostility between the United States and Cubacontributed to illegal immigration in the US, for example, theBalseroemigration, which is well described in the film (Ruiz, Vicki andVirginia, 2006).
Thefilm relates to the Latino history in that, it describes how peoplewere migrating from their lands in search for quality life in theUnited States. Following the break-up of the Soviet Union, the Cubansleft their homes heading to the United States. In the 1990’s, manyLatin Americans departed their countries to go and work in theAmerican cities, for example, the Juarez in the southern US-Mexicanborder. The film shows how the Cubans struggled to live in Americadue toinadequate facilities in the cities. Similarly, the Latinohistory covers how US immigrants lived in deteriorating conditionsand worked in poor conditions, as well. The film was developed atthis time when United States practiced cultural imperialism throughoppressing the small communities. In other words, there werehostilities between United States and the poor states. Also, due tothe practice of free trade, many emigrants from the islands such asCuba moved and settled in the United States cities such as Miami(Ruiz, Vicki and Virginia, 2006).
Thedocumentary film describes the Cubans’ experience since theirdeparture from their land, Cuba until settling the US cities.Most ofthe emigrants were accompanied by their families in the unseaworthywater vessels. Some died in at sea due to strong winds that capsizedtheir boats. The horrible scenes of the suffrage of the Cubans in thesea waters shows how Latinos faced difficulties even before themainland, United States. In the camps at Guantanamo, the detainedCuban emigrants lived in poor conditions due to inadequate food andwater. The director of the movie has outlines how the Cubans werehopeless in the refugee camps where they sent pictures to their lovedones in Cuba. In United States, Cuban emigrants joined other Latinos,and they struggle much as they try to adapt to the American. Theyalso face difficulties when searching for homes and jobs(Ruiz, Vickiand Virginia, 2006).
The90Milesis a documentary film produced by Juan Zaldivar in 2001. The storyoutline covers the life of the producer himself, Zaldivar, who wasvery active during the Revolution. He condemned the emigrants wholeft the island for United States. Later, he also left Cuba for theUS by boat and his family accompanied him. The movie differs with theBalseros in that it does not explain the Latino experience while theBalsero does explain. Another significant difference is fact that 90Milesoutlines the story of an individual whereas Balseros covers the storyof the many Cuban emigrants at the sea. However, the two movies sharea common factor since both were produced at the time when there washostility between United States and the poor states such asCuba(Ruiz, Vicki and Virginia, 2006).
Ruiz,Vicki L, and Virginia S. K. Latinasin the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia.Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006. Print.