Heartof Darkness by Joseph Conrad
In the book theHeart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad renders the failures ofnumerous European creeds in Africa, which eventually puts forward theconsequential failure and moral impoverishment of Europe. AlthoughConrad delves into the issues of feminism, racial, and politicalpartialities, the book remains largely a psychoanalytical book, whichdeterminedly presents the comparative nature of verity and moralityin the society. In fact, through the artistic interrelation of imageand theme that tortuously evocates the colonial subjugation andharassment in Africa, the author manages to probe a detailed aspectof psychological treachery and degeneration.
Conrad (14) proffers to the reader the inherit darkness of people’spredispositions when stripped off their pretenses. The combination ofvoracity and the depressing effect of edge life bring out thewickedest in people throughout the book. Readers connect to thecharacters of the book and see the darkness discussed in the book asa universal darkness. As such, Conrad utilizes language to glaze thedescriptions of savageness and terror in people where he usesmetaphors such as, “He bore resemblance to a butcher in a poorneighborhood,” (57). In fact, the elegiac tone, even transitions,and suave style that Conrad employs to design a sense of experienceand moral decay allows people’s senses to link with the surfacesand images within the book.
In most cases,Conrad reveals the moral decay and repression in the society throughKurtz whose actions in Africa erodes the morality in him unlikeMarlow who finds restraint within savagery (Torgovnick 401). Theauthor reveals the indifferences among people, the degeneration ofvalues, sacrificial rituals to fight death, and the debased extremesof the society. In fact, to reveal the homologous domination andsavagery, Conrad explicitly says, “Ugly. Ugly enough nonethelessif you were man enough you would confess the presence of a dimmesttrace of a reaction to the terrible bluntness and dark,” (109).
Although thebook attempts to touch on the ugliness and debased extremes in thesociety through psychological intensities, it fails to elicit acomprehensive construction of psychoanalysis but instead probes avaporish pomposity (Torgovnick 402). The ideas of primitiveness andmoral ugliness in the society do not come out conclusively in thebook, and it is only the African woman who is fully individualized toembody the wildness, pain, resolve, and Africa. As such, Conrad doesnot propose a tangible and a full psychoanalytical approach butrather offers political, feminism, and primitivism aspects.
Conrad, Joseph. Heart of darkness. Macmillan, 2010.
Torgovnick, Marianna. "Primitivism and the African Woman inHeart of Darkness." Heart of Darkness: Norton CriticalEdition (2006): 396-405.