Everydaypeople come into contact with various environmental health hazardswidespread in both rural and urban settings. Social determinants ofhealth have been described as economic and social conditionsconcerned with people’s lifestyles, their living, as well as theirworking circumstance, which strongly influence their health. Thispaper will analyze environmental hazards that people contact with intheir daily lives.
Thefirst environmental hazard is I come across is tobacco smoke.Second-hand tobacco smoke is dangerous and linked to increased risksof respiratory infections such as bronchitis, asthma and pneumonia,and cancer. This social hazard is difficult to control because thepublic lack information about second-hand smoke. In addition, stronggovernment policies are also required in order to regulate tobaccosmoking in public places.
Secondly,the drinking water from the tap may be contaminated withmicroorganism. In most homes, public water system is used to supplywater. This hazard may be difficult to prevent because the public donot understand how the water is treated and where it comes from.
Plasticproducts such as bottles used for consumer products containphthalates and bisphenol to make them flexible, clear and hard tobreak. However, this hazard is difficult to prevent since there isalso uncertainty in risk assessment.
Anotherenvironmental hazard is lead exposure from old paint and otherproducts in our homes can be toxic if inhaled and digested. Leadexposure is dangerous especially to children aged six years andbelow. However, economic factors may prevent one from testing whetherour homes are susceptible to lead paint hazards
Mercuryexposure is another environmental health risk in our homes found influorescent light bulbs. Lack of uncertainty in risk assessment and adetector to alert families in case the levels of lead get high makeit hard to prevent this hazard.
Woodheaters and open fireplaces during winter produces smoke which affectthe quality of air and human health. It is difficult to avoid openburning especially during winter periods making this hazard hard toprevent.
Gasfires and cookers generate nitrogen dioxide which can increase therisk of respiratory morbidity to home occupant there is alsouncertainty in risk assessment. Lackof knowledge to test homes of any unhealthy gas levels may make ithard to prevent this hazard.
Radiationexposure from electrical devices such as cell phones may seriouslyaffect health according to various research studies. Long term use ofmobile phones may be hard to avoid because cell phones are heavilyused for daily communication.
Pesticides,artificial sprays and house cleaning agents stored in our homes canbe toxic and a major source of xenoestrogens. These hazards can behard to avoid because they spread through wind drift to thesurrounding air. Additionally, these hazards are hard to prevent ifpeople lack the resources to purchase non-toxic products.
Noisepollution in residential areas is disruptive and a physical hazardcaused by motor vehicles, trains, aircraft and other machines. Noisepollution is hard to prevent beyond our control and requires stronggovernment policies.
Insummary, this diary demonstrates that people need to understand howthe social determinants of health influence their health and causediseases. On the other hand, it is crucial that people learn aboutprevention and storage techniques that can contribute to their healthsafety.