Apartfrom use of email and social sites other sites have been crucial forsome people and derive a lot of information from those sites. Theyget any information concerning anything in their daily lives. Theinternet is the latest technology breakthrough in communication aftertelegraph, telephone, radio and television. Internet or cyber usebridges great distance and reaches mass audience. However, theinternet or cyber has a lot of features and the main feature is thatafforded to users and those provided to the group venues with aim ofmeeting other people with similar values and interest. In this paperinternet has been placed in the historical context and the effects ofinternet on one’s psychological well-being, formation andmaintenance of personal relationships, the group membership andsocial identity, workplace and the community involvement examined.
Thispaper shows that these effects are dependent on certain goals broughtby users to the interaction for instance self-expression, affiliationand competition and people interact on certain crucial ways andthese ways have an impact on the life of an individual both atpresent and in the future. The most profound effect of internet isthat apart from its many opportunities it has become addictive forsome people, making them more lazy and inconsistent in most importantworks in life.
Internetgives rise to a lot of issues. The internet has been known to be moreof a social thing for example downloading of videos, socialnetworking sites, downloading of music, online shopping, chartrooms,online gaming, online gambling, online pornography as well as emailwithout looking at other issues that may arise from the same. Asnoted by Young & Rogers, (1998), the issues can be positive ornegative depending on the contents that one receives online. Cyberuse can be informative, soul healing as well as a tool for learningor furthering one education. On the other hand, it can also be asource of loneliness, depression, explicit pictures which affect thechildren negatively. In other words, the internet has positive andnegative impacts in one’s psychology. It has become quiteaffordable such that anyone from all age groups is able to access it.This paper talks about the cyber life, the positive and negativeimpacts it causes on an individual’s psychology and the futurerepercussions it can bring to these individuals.
Impactand future implications
Theimplications are known to psychologically affect both negatively andpositively. In terms of negative effects, obsessive or unrestraineduse of the internet affects the well being of an individual. Sucheffects include loneliness and depression. Spending too much time onthe internet may make an individual become antisocial and this is amajor cause of loneliness (Kraut et al, 1998). There is also anothertheory that states the opposite that is loneliness can lead tohabitual, addictive or problematic internet usage. Other causes ofPIU are withdrawal from social activities that are real-life and thiscould very much affect psychological welfare of the internet users.Once an internet user becomes addicted to the net, they always tendto overlook on their day to day activities. This makes them miss outon the activities in their surroundings hence they fail to getupdates regarding their community. This can cause detachments withthe community and therefore cause a great rift between them and thecommunity as a whole (Taylor & Turner, 2002).
Thiscan lead to psychological problems to the individuals since there hasbeen that disconnection with other people. This in turn leads to moreinternet usage in uncontrolled measures. Unenthusiastic life outcomescontinue developing to the point that you find the user withdrawingfrom the real life issues (Taylor & Turner, 2002). They becomepsychologically affected because when they reach this stage, they areusually in a world of their own. There is also a distinguishing studyregarding the online activities. These activities include instantmessaging, social networking and downloading (Nicoleet al, 2014).They are involved in the investigative study to show the patterns ofthese internet disorders. Depressed and lonely individuals tend toturn to the internet since they identify it as another way ofcommunication. They tend to like this method since it does notinvolve face to face communication and therefore they remainanonymous (Taylor & Turner, 2002).
However,this has led to compulsive use for the individuals since they tend tolack individual presentation skills. Therefore, they dedicate a lotof their energy to this online activity. More of the negative effectsinclude lower grades in the user’s academics, absence in socialmeetings, missing work and missing class. All these negative effectsproduce an outcome of loneliness. Isolation becomes evident sincewhen one misses out on all these, they become disconnected fromsocial groups which are offline. Later, these disconnections lead toconsequences like failing in their courses, losing relationships,losing jobs. Online interaction preferences may mean offlineisolation, offline isolations means real life isolation. Where thereis minimal time assigned for offline time, one gets disconnected fromthe real world and social skills deteriorate drastically (Morgan &Cotton, 2003).
Onthe other hand, internet usage can as well serve as a positive impacton the internet users. It can be a psychological problem relieve. Some individuals may involve themselves with the internet due totheir lonely nature, only to achieve skills socially. Some can alsoget educative information on the internet. For example, one can getways of developing oneself as well as the community on the internetas well as creating a community interaction network for the samethrough the internet. The net can also serve the purpose forinteractions hence eliminating the problem of loneliness such as,friends can be made through the internet. In terms of education, anindividual is able to get educative information either for theircourse work or for those wishing to have online studies.
Lonelyand depressed individuals can also benefit socially in that they canstill communicate with other people and still have their anonymity.Some can prefer this type of communication due to their personalitypresentation deficiency and yet are good at online presentations(Kaplan & Haenlein, 2010). Therefore, communication via onlinebecomes a more preferred mode that of face to face. They willtherefore dedicate a lot of their time improving their online skills(McKenna, Green & Gleason, 2002).
Differenttypes of online communications produce different outcomes anddifferent reasons for online communications have different effects.It all matters on what a user’s reason is. There is the firstpresumption that persons who are lonely are active users of the netsince they do not have social skills of which it can be true. Thenthere is the second presumption that too much use of the internet canlead to loneliness which is also quite true. Therefore internet usageis a two way thing. There are those individuals who use the internetas a way of escaping from the real world while others use it as a wayof bringing the world closer to them. Therefore, irrespective of someof these internet social networks being termed as disconnecting theyare quite harmless.
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