CRITICAL ISSUES RELATED TO TRANSNATIONAL CRIME 5
There are various critical issues that have been associated with andrelated to transnational crime. To start with, globalization has beena key critical issue that is related to transnational crime. Theadvent of technology and the connectivity that came along withglobalization has been a critical issue in transnational crime.Technology has been the most influential factor in the spread oftransnational crime (Liddick, 2008). There has been increasedconnectivity and network between criminals in different countries asa result of technology. For instance, the use of the internet as aquick means of communication has affected and enhanced the spread oftransnational crime. Criminals can communicate through emails or eventhrough the social networks such as Facebook and twitter.Furthermore, mobile phone communication has also been a criticalissue related to transnational crime. It has enhanced communicationbetween criminals in different countries.
Politics and media are critical issues related to transnationalcrimes. For a long time, transnational crime has been associated withpolitics. It is evident that politicians are tasked with theresponsibility of making legislations that can be directed towardscombating international form of crime. A vast majority of politiciansmight be interested in these criminal activities. For instance, thebusiness of drug trafficking is normally conducted by politicians(Beare, 2010). The laws and legislations that affect these forms ofcrimes are said to be formed to favor the politicians. There are noproper legislations that can combat international crime. Thepolitical class has also been accused of colliding with the criminalsin concealing the data that could be used by the internationalcommunity to combat this form of crime.
The media has a huge role to play in exposing the illegal activitiesthat take place across the countries. The information that the mediaprovides in regard to transnational crime is critical in controllingand combating it. The media has the role of exposing and providingthe public with information and data that relates to internationalcriminal activities. Corruption has also been a major critical issuerelated in transnational crime (Beare, 2010). Activities such as drugtrafficking, human trafficking and terrorism are illegal in allcountries across the globe. However, due to corruption and briberyamongst law enforcement officers, some of these criminal activitiesare carried out efficiently. It is noteworthy to point out thatinternational crime cannot be possible unless some people compriseand accept bribes in order to allow it to go on.
Corruption is largely embedded in the political system of a country.Research has indicated that transnational crime is common in the mostcorrupt countries. This is because such countries have dysfunctionalpolitical and judicial systems. It has been extremely difficult toeliminate corruption in such countries, especially because it isembedded in political systems. This gives corrupt officials anopportunity to engage in transnational crimes while hiding under thenon-transparent and unaccountable political, judicial and governancesystems (Beare, 2010). In a majority of countries in West Africa andLatin America, criminals have found their links with the executives,legislature, courts and police. As a consequence, they becomereluctant to support any form of legislations that would inhibit themfrom accruing benefits from the criminal activities.
Legislations and policies that have been effected have not been ableto deal with the issue of transnational crime effectively. It isapparent that a majority of these legislations have been designed tomaintain law and order within their respective countries (Berdal &Berdal-Serrano, 2007). However, transnational crime occurs across theborders and it therefore becomes difficult to control it. As aresult, these policies and legislations have become critical issuesrelated to transnational crime. Lastly, the availability of marketsfor the illegal goods and services can be said to be a critical issueassociated with transnational crime. Humans and drugs that aretrafficked have customers who purchase them. Whereas theinternational community has largely focused on dealing with theelimination of transnational crime, it is high time it considersformulating policies that would destabilize the market for illegalinternational crime’s products and services.
Beare, M. E. (2010). Critical reflections on transnationalorganized crime, money laundering, and corruption. Toronto:Univ. of Toronto Press.
Berdal, M. R., & Berdal-Serrano. (2007). Transnationalorganized crime and international security: Business as usual?.Boulder: Rienner.
Liddick, D. R. (2008). The global underworld: Transnational crimeand the United States. Westport, Conn: Praeger.