CONS OF THE DEATH PENALTY 4
Consof the Death Penalty
Consof the Death Penalty
Froman ethical perspective, the debate of pros and cons of death penaltypresents a dilemma situation. According to ethics, when presentedwith a situation with an ethical dilemma, the several possibleactions are evaluated to establish which alternative will turn outthe most happiness (Waluchow, 2003).This happiness of this action is considered in the choice regardlessof whether the action taken is morally right or wrong. Therefore, inthe case of the death penalty, being sentenced to death is considereda hurting practice that does not bring happiness since it results todeath.
Accordingto ethical perspective, capital penalty has the disadvantage ofbringing feelings of hurt to the relatives of the convicted person.The execution of the convict leads to a greater extent of a badexperience of bereavement from the victims to the relatives of theconvict. This disadvantage is also associated with a problem of thejustification of the unethical act of killing brought about by thesentencing. Moreover, the fact that it is a punishment that is doneby death, it kills all the benefits of a deterrent penalty. Thishappens because it applies a method that is against the universalmorality of maintaining life (Waluchow,2003).
Anothermajor disadvantage of capital punishment is that it goes against theethical concern of respect for human life. According to severalreligious ethics, life is considered to be precious and should onlybe taken by natural death and not warranted death (Waluchow,2003). A death penalty therefore is anindication of a man having an authority to declare life or death ofan individual. It is justifiable that a person faces death penaltydue to the crime of taking another life however, it clearly showsthat a person is given the mandate to kill. The mandate given by thelaw to a judge to declare death penalty is legal, but does not erasethe fact that it is unethical to kill.
Inaddition, the death penalty overrides the ethical belief of reform ofhuman character and behavior. This is because the death penalty doesnot give a chance to the convicted person to reform it simplycondemns him or her to the ultimate punishment of taking away life(Jacquette, 2009).Ethically, people have the ability to reform and shape their behaviorin accordance with the law and universal morals and ethics. Thismeans that they deserve to be given a second chance to shape up theirlife. However, the death penalty denies them that right and alsotakes away their life from any possible reform (Kramer,2014).
Moreover,the death penalty is a way of revenging a crime with an equal measureof consequence. Therefore, it is considered as a way of promoting theunethical behavior of revenge and the mythical “eye for an eye”way of thinking (Waluchow,2003). For ethical perspectives, the death penalty does not fulfillthe main element of punishment, which is to create a sense of regretand correct the behavior. This means that the death penalty becomesmore inhuman than the crimes committed by the convicted since it is awarranted death.
Thedeath penalty is viewed differently depending on the ethics appliedto evaluate the sentence. However, it is disadvantageous to thefamily and relatives of the convicted, it leads to death of a person,and it does not offer a chance for reform and is a form of revenge.This makes the death penalty an inappropriate mode of punishment.
Jacquette,D. (2009). Dialogueson the Ethics of Capital Punishment.Washington DC:Rowman
&Littlefield Pub Incorporated
Kramer,M. (2014). TheEthics of Capital Punishment: A Philosophical Investigation of Eviland
ItsConsequences.Oxford: Oxford University Press
Waluchow,W.J. (2003).TheDimensions of Ethics: An Introduction to Ethical Theory.