CommonSense by Thomas Paine
“Common Sense” by Paine is a 47-page pamphlet that was aimed atadvocating for American independence in a language that was thecommon people had the capacity to comprehend and even defend. In thebook, Paine portrayed King George as a tyrant and a co-conspirator inthe attempts of parliament to infringe on the natural rightspertaining to the American colonists. With the use of a strong andrichly-graphic imagery that was bound to cultivate and foster angerin his readers, the author compared King George to a father-king whotook pleasure in his offspring, the Americans as his primary andsavory meal. He is quick to state, however, that even brutes nevereat their own young ones and underlined the fact that a large numberof people had escaped from England to American in an effort tosafeguard their freedom and escape the immense cruelty that was metedon them by the monster. On the same note, the author reiterated thatthe useless nature of monarchies as they were primarily concernedabout making war and giving away some court places (Paine 17). Inessence, he opined that it is imperative that Americans do not feelthat they have any obligation to the crowned ruffian who allows forwar to be meted on them. Further, Paine criticized Great Britain’smixed constitutions, which was at the time seen as the most perfectlybalanced type of government in the entire globe with components suchas Commons, Lords and King. He blamed the monarchy for the bad statein which the Commons and the Constitution of England was, whilearguing that a free America should learn from the mistakes thatEngland made and come up with a republican constitution that hadannual assemblies ad a president selected from a different colony onan annual basis. The unicameral legislature would have the powers toenact laws as long as they had 60% majority (Paine 34). If suchrepublican charter was brought forth and placed on the word of God,the world would get the message that the law is supreme in America.
Onthe same note, Paine opined that the situation was immenselyintolerable in which case Americans must stop making any negotiationsregarding repealing the parliamentary acts and instead part ways withEngland. America would have the capacity to safeguard a permanent andstrong commerce, the protection from an immensely corrupt Europe, aswell as the happiness of the Americans. He cements the book bycalling on all people that love mankind to stand against or opposethe tyrant. Similarly, underlined the notion that America’s causeis in an immense measure the cause of the entire mankind and made apassionate argument for the independence of the country from GreatBritain, as well as the capacity of the young country to beprosperous unfettered by the economically draining and oppressiveBritain.
Itis evident that the book was primarily aimed at calling for theindependence of America from the colonial rule of Great Britain.Indeed, he stated that it did not make sense to have an entirecontinent under the control of a small Island.
Ithas well been noted that the book or rather the author was extremelyeffective in sending this message across. Indeed, scholars andresearchers have underlined the fact that the book became theintellectual, as well as moral touchstone for the American colonistswho were struggling or making efforts to articulate their case forindependence from the tyrannical rule of England. In addition, theexistence of the United States of America is partly credited to theincendiary or provocative brilliance incorporated in the work.Indeed, this is seen as the first book to openly challenge royalmonarchy and the British government’s authority. Part of thesuccess of the book in sending the message across or mobilizingAmericans to oppose the British rule was that fact that its maintarget was the popular audience, not to mention the fact that it waswritten in an extremely simple and straightforward way that allowedPaine’s ideas to be made available and tangible to the commonaudience. This is seen as having brought the average colonists to theplatform of political debate, thereby establishing an entirely newpolitical language. Further, the fact that the book identified withthe manner in which a large number of colonists felt aboutindependence rand voiced this argument rather than sitting on thefence regarding the topic enhanced its effectiveness.
Ifind the book immensely thought-provoking especially with regard tothe place of British governance system and republican governance. Itsavagery attacked the aristocratic institutions and hereditarykinships, while urging for an entirely new beginning for the UnitedStates, where social equity and personal freedom would be guaranteedand cultural and economic progress fostered. Nevertheless, it isquestionable whether Great Britain or England would have beenoperational at that time without the monarchy, or whether the systemof governance simply outlived its time at that time.
Paine,Thomas. CommonSense.S.l.: Forgotten Books, 2008. Print.