ClimateChange, Coming Home
ClimateChange, Coming Home
Theissue of climate change has remained one of the key areas of focus tomany governments, international organizations such as theIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change among other stakeholders.Of all the causes of climate change, anthropogenic activities such asdeforestation, poor farming methods, industrial pollutants amongothers factors have contributed the lion share. In this articletitled ClimateChange, Coming Homeauthored by Sarah DeWeerdt, it is clear that climate change has had adevastating effect on population across various parts of the world(DeWeerdt, 2007).
Forinstance, there has been rainfall scarcity in Southern part of theSahara Desert, thus highly affecting the northern part of Ethiopia.As a result, Ethiopia suffered widespread drought from 1970s to late1980s. Similarly, the northern part of Kenya has also beenexperiencing prolonged droughts leading to deaths of animals, humanbeings among other disasters. Efforts made by the respectivegovernments such as constructing dams have been a breeding ground formosquitoes leading to malaria as well as other waterborne diseases. As indicated by WHO (The World Health Organization), by 2020, climatechange resulting from anthropogenic activities will account for300,000 people globally, and this will rise in the consecutive years.Although climate change has positive effects such as warmer winterswhich translate to reduction cold related deaths in Europe and NorthAmerica as well as less number of disease carrying mosquitoes in thetropics, the negative effects far much surpass the positives. Forinstance, there will be reduction in agricultural produce, increasedlevels of infectious diseases, floods as well as heat waves ascurrently being experienced in countries such as Australia andArgentina among others (DeWeerdt, 2007).
Accordingto DeWeerdt, although no any country will be exempted from thedevastating effects, the most affected ones will be the poorcountries located in the tropical as well as sub-tropic regions. Thismeans that, those countries which will suffer most are the ones whichcontribute least to climate change such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan,and Haiti among others. For instance, small Island nations such asMaldives are at the verge of being submerged as a result of sea levelrise. This made the government to hold a cabinet meeting under seawater in order to sensitize the world on the need to reduce humanactivities leading to climate change in 2009.
Inthe tropical as well as the subtropical regions, farmers have beenencouraged to embrace technologies and adopt genetically modifiedfoods such as rice which can mature in three months, rather thanthose which four months. Although this poses dietary challenges suchas mineral and vitamin deficiencies, it is a sure way to curb foodscarcity resulting from climate change in these parts of the world.Regarding spread of diseases, DeWeerdt notes that, vector-bornediseases will significantly increase, and this includes diseases suchas malaria among others. Further, Higher-than-average globaltemperatures will result to higher-than-average rates cases of foodpoisoning as well as raised cases of diseases such as conjunctivitistrachoma and scabies among others (DeWeerdt, 2007).
Fromthis article it is clear that, the effects of climate change are likea time bomb waiting to explode. As a result, governments andstakeholders should work on ways in which anthropogenic activitiesleading to climate change can be mitigated. They include reduceddependency on fossil fuels adapting good farming practices amongother remedies.
DeWeerdt,S. (2007). : Global warming’s effects onpopulations. WorldWatch Magazine,May/June 2007, Volume 20, No. 3. Available at <http://www.worldwatch.org/node/5019>