Civilrights movements involve social movements in the U.S whose objectivewas to put to an end racial segregation and discrimination againstAfrican-American minority and enforce constitutional rights to ballotto them. The quest for civil rights has resulted to incredibleachievements in the past 150 years. Nevertheless there have beenhiccups as there continues to be a new form of color relatedinequality in the U.S that threatens the future of civil rightscrusade.
Theabolition of slavery and the put to an end of the Jim Crow rules in1965 is probably one of the greatest achievements that civil rightsmovement ever made. This involved the addition of the thirteenthamendment into the constitution. The decision continued to causeripple effects in the U.S and still does have influence to date. Theelection of the first black president in 2008, president Barack Obamais an example of the stride that civil rights quest have done toAmerica. Civil rights did not only mark the end of prejudice againstAfrican-Americans, but also changed the way other races and minoritygroups including the disabled, are treated in the country (Shapiro,Meschede & Osoro, 2013).
Sureenough, America has become one of the most successful countries inthe world, envious of many. When other countries are struggling withethnic crashes and other disputes, Americans are busy building theircountry, thanks to civil rights. In 1870, blacks acquired the rightto vote when the 15thamendment was put in place. Under this amendment, states wereprohibited from denying any citizen the right to vote regardless oftheir color or race (except for women who got their voting rights in1920). This has been very significant in moving the U.S to the levelit is today, as blacks were given the right to participate in makingdecisions about who to lead them.
Theoverall success of civil rights movement have seen more AfricanAmerican be able to live a fulfilling life, as they are liable toreceive quality education, have equal employment opportunities astheir counterparts white, besides participating actively in politicsof the United States.
Nevertheless,the future of civil rights is blink. Colorblind racism is threateningthe success of civil rights achievements. As defined by Bonilla-Silva(2003), colorblind racism is the contemporary racial disparity as aresult of nonracial dynamics. The practices that occur undercolorblind racism are subtle, institutional and it appears nonracial.The practices are not racially overt in the manner such as in racismunder Jim Crow laws, slavery or segregation. Instead, colorblindracism flourish on the bases that, race is no longer an issue in theU.S and that there exists nonracial explanations for the inequalitystatus in the country. As a result, there is a great disparity inwealth across different racial groups in the U.S. the gap in wealthbetween white and black families almost tripled from $85,000 in 1984to an astounding $236,500 in 2009 (Shapiro, Meschede & Osoro,2013). This has been as a result of various factors includingeducation, unemployment, home ownership, household income and of mostimportance, inheritance.
Conclusively,civil rights quest have made magnificent changes in the U.S societyover the past 150 years. However, there still remains another form ofracial discrimination, the colorblind racism which has continuedpushing African Americans into poverty. To achieve total equality,colorblind racism must be the target of civil rights crusaders.
Bonilla-Silva,E. (2003). Racismwithout Racists: Color-blind Racism and the Persistence of RacialInequality in the United States.Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
Shapiro,T., Meschede, T. & Osoro, S. (2013). "The Roots of theWidening Racial Wealth Gap: Explaining the Black-White EconomicDivide". Researchand Policy Brief.Brandeis University Institute on Assets and Social Policy.