Theurban cities are always changing. Whether in the Western countries orin other countries the transitions are of revolutionary nature.Therefore it is important to look at how the community affects thesechanges in the urban cities blocks (Oberlander, 2005).
Asnoted by Jacob (n.d), there are effects caused by the perspectives onthe environmental, social networks and residents sentiments on othercommunities which affect the behavior and the many other perspectiveson the whole community in urban setting. This essay illustrates howthe citizens participate in the city planning and why it is regardedimportant in preventing crime, improving the physical environment andimproving the social conditions.
Thelocally driven processes are important in the development of thecommunity. There is need to maintain and enlarge the self-sufficiencyof the communities and the community organizations in addition tosignifying the strategies used to empower the communities for thelocal development. These processes create membership opportunities,shared emotional support and ties, influence and the mutual needsmet. The more the investment in the community, the more ownership andpower people feel in the community environment hence through theseprocesses the community contributes to collective development.
Thecommunities have gone to the extent of protecting their societythrough the physical features, disinvestment in business and theeconomic support. For instance, boundaries which might result in thecity or urban area include the physical barriers like railroadtracks, rivers and gated communities. Socioeconomic barriers includehighly priced property, and the educational needs. All these are as aresult of the perception of the other.
Incorporationof the sense of community in planning is a vital aspect in the cityplanning processes. The communities have initiated the information,communication, increased transport and the technological revolutionshave created the increased transport and transformed thesecommunities. These tools have resulted in many people living in avirtual world with the unlimited geography and a global worldunbounded by specific professions (Fishman, 2002).
However,there are poor people who begin to move to these cities in masses.Their main concerns are mainly the jobs, housing, sewage and thewater. This revolution creates the city with the great diversity andthe wide gap between the rich and the poor, and through thediversity, conflicts tends to abound. These results in the closedcommunities established against the hostile and the feared world.This means that cities cannot be planned by planners only but alsothe people themselves. Hence, the planners are made to focus on humanneeds in addition to geography (Fishman, 2002).
Accordingto Elizabeth (1992), the current city patterns do not affect thecommunities equally. Those who suffer mostly are the people with thedisability, the elderly, minorities and low income earners as aresult of negative consequences of land use practices and thetransportation.
Thedesign of the city environment impacts on the mental and physicalhealth of the city residents. The best designs like naturalenvironment for instance green space inclusion improves the cognitiveand social functions and reduces the violence. However the longcommuting leads to road rage as a result of traffic jams andoverpopulation.
Thereare the designs which can be developed to encourage the communitiesto improve their public health. These includes changing thetransportation policy to reduce social inequalities, facilitatepersons with disability mobility, injury risks limitation, increasedphysical activity and improved air quality.
Inconclusion, the communities generally have positive and negativeimplications on the city planning. The migrations to cities resultsin overpopulation, pollution to natural environment and social stressleading to problems like crime. These communities can be encouragedthrough the development of policies which ensures the equality amongall the citizens and break the barriers which may arise.
Elizabeth,S. Kite, (1992). L’Enfantand Washington, 1791-1792(Baltimore, 1992). Pp. 52-58.
Fishman,R. (2002). UrbanUtopias in the Twentieth Century.London: Mit Press.
Jacob,J. TheDeath and Life of the Great American Cities.
Oberlander,H. P. (2005). Theplanning city.Vancouver: Vancouver Working Group.