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Common sense was a pamphlet which was written by Paine in 1776, andwhose main aim was to inspire the American people in their fight andrevolution against the British rule. The pamphlet was written in asimple language, which was religious, and it therefore inspirednumerous people who understand the content (Perkins 238). The mainissues that are raised in the pamphlet relate to independence anddemocracy of the American people. According to Paine, Britain wasabusing its power in colonizing and ruling over its colonies. In thisregard, the issue of abuse of power by some nations over others isevident. However, the main topic that manifests itself is democracy.The American people wanted their own self-rule or what is commonlyreferred to as democracy (Perkins 235). This is an aspect that Painesuggests America should have as opposed to the form of rule under theBritish. According to Paine, the people should be given the right tochoose their leaders, and the government should not impose leaders orrulers on the people. He is extremely against the Monarch system ofgovernment and leadership in Britain, which he alludes that it isoppressive and only intends to exploit other nations for economicgain.
The issues that were presented by Paine in the pamphlet of 1776 havebeen evident in some parts of the world in recent years. A vastmajority of governments have been accused of being authoritarian andoppressive. This has mainly been in the Middle East. Equally, issuesof neocolonialism have been rampant, especially in the Africancountries. Democracy and independence have remained as trivial issuesall over the world. Many African countries such as Libya, haveaccused the western countries of imposing leaders on them. Thekilling of their leader Gadhafi was viewed as a strategic plan by thewestern countries to exploit the rich oil resources in the country.Besides the issue of independence of the people of Libya, democracywas absent in the country. The late leader had been a monarch in thecountry for numerous years.
Democracy in African states have been described as being half full.Although the continent’s countries have improved in terms ofdemocracy, there still needs a lot to be done. A look at SouthAfrican, which was one of the greatest pioneers of democracy,indicates that the government has been rife with nepotism andcorruption. The elected leaders are not a representative of thepeople, but are people who rig elections and use coups to remain inpower. There are numerous examples of lack of democracy such asMadagascar, where the president, André Rajoelina, has been in powerfor three years after acquiring it through a bloodless coup.
The Middle East has also been rife with lack of democracy and haseven triggered other western nations such as the United States tointervene and try and advocate for democracy. Iraq has had issueswith democracy and the leaders have been accused of authoritativeform of government. The intervention by the United States was aimedat ensuring that the people of Iraq are allowed to democraticallychoose their leaders. Leaders such as Osama Bin Laden were accused ofautocratic forms of leadership, where they oppressed the citizenry.
The issues of democracy and independence discussed by Paine in hispamphlet of 1776 are still evident today, more than two centuriesafter they were highlighted. A vast majority of African states stillfeel that they are oppressed by the western countries because oftheir rich natural resources such as oil and gas. Democracy has alsobeen a major issue in many African countries, as well as in theMiddle East. The people are denied the opportunity to choose theirleaders.
Perkins, George. The American Tradition in Literature (12 Ed).Boston: McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2009. Print.