ANDREW JOHNSON IMPEACHMENT 5
PresidentAndrew Johnson took office in 1865 subsequent to Lincoln’s death.At that time, the republicans dominated the congress, and believedthat they were in charge of the reconstruction process in the nation,not the president. Political struggles between the president and thecongress led to his impeachment in 1868. President Andrew Johnsonbecame the first president to beAmericanhistory to be impeached. This impeachment trial convened by thesenate accused President Andrew Johnson of “alleged high crimes andmisdemeanors in the office.” However, one elected senator EdmundRoss though opposed strongly the president’s policies, believed inhaving a fair trial for the president. In the voting process, EdmundG. Ross held the swing vote and demonstrated courage by defyingpressures from his party and the public to vote for the impeachmentof the president. Consequently, President Johnson was acquitted andcontinued to serve his remaining term.
Roleof Edmund Ross
Themain role of Edmund Ross in the impeachment President Andrew Johnsonwas to cast the decisive vote that would convict him. Fortunately,Edmund Ross played a crucial role of acquitting the president ofimpeachment charges by casting the not guilty vote that was crucialand that which the radical republicans counted on it, in order toconvict the president. He single-handedly overturned the impeachmentprocess because he believed that the president had a right to a fairtrial. Initially, he had avoided participating in the polls byclaiming that he was undecided. As a result of his actions, thepublic vilified him and this brought an end to his career (Ruddy,2013).
Reactionsof other members
EdmundRoss`s actions were relentlessly criticized by the public and othermembers of the senate. It is clear that other members of his partysupported conviction of the president, but he believed that thepresident was unfairly charges. According to Ruddy (2013), PresidentAndrew Johnson impeachment was more political than violation of law(Ruddy, 2013).
Rossinfluence on the United States history
EdmundG. Ross action to acquit President Andrew Johnson’s impeachmentcharges remains a mystery. Ross demonstrated an act of moral couragethat saved the nation from the domination of Radical republican, aswell as to preserve executive’s autonomy. His courageous acts tostand alone by making hard decision and face the future bravelydespite pressures from friends against an elected official aregreatly acknowledged. This impeachment trial intheUnited States historydemonstratesthat the congress tyrannical grip over the office of the executive isimpossible. Congressional majority conspired against the president.In addition, the trial tested constitutional principles of powerseparations as well as checks and balances. Ross actions influence onthe United States history and show that the president should not besimply removed out of office because of disagreements over policies,and administration style. However, this does not mean that thepresident remains the governing power (Hearn, 2007).
Historiansin later years came to acknowledge Edmund G. Ross actions. In hisdefense, Ross saved the nation from the tyranny of the radicalrepublicans who want to pass legislatures they desire withoutopposition. John F. Kennedy favorably assessed Ross’s vote andnamed him as courageous in voting against the impeachment charges.Alternatively, impeachment of President Andrew Johnson would havebeen a national tragedy.
Hearn,C. G. (2007). Theimpeachment of Andrew Johnson.Jefferson, N.C: McFarland & Co.
Ruddy,R. A. (2013). EdmundG. Ross: Soldier, Senator, Abolitionist.Retrieved from:http://www.unmpress.com/books_featured.php?ID=217&Page=book