Thefour agents common agents of socialization (including peer groups,family, mass media, and education) has significant influences in allstages of human development, especially for the people aged 0-6,6-12, and 13-18 years. The family provides the first opportunity forinfants and other children aged six years and below to develop thesocial sense. The quality of social relationship that children get intheir families determines their capacity to develop social relationswith people outsides their families during teenage and subsequentstages of development.
Peergroups have both positive and negative effects on human development.On the positive side peer groups enable children to learn how toescape close supervision and start learning how to form socialrelationships independent of their caretakers. This starts at earlystages of development (below the age of 6 years) and becomes ofsignificant and stronger in later age groups, especially between theage of 13 and 18 years. On the negative side, lack of supervision inestablishing peer groups can lead to an association with delinquentchildren, which may lead to the acquisition of negative morals.
Massmedia (including the television) contribute to social progress at allstages of life because it affects human behavior and attitude. Thisis a common occurrence among the teenagers who develop aggressivebehavior by emulating the characters they have seen in the televisionor movies. Although young children may also learn certain behaviorsfrom the media, the expression of the attitudes and conduct mainlyoccurs during the age of 13-18 years.
Educationprovides an opportunity for the society to transmit the accumulatedknowledge, values, skills, and customs to its new members. Thisprocess starts from home before the young children can join theformal school system. Education allows children to develop sociallyaccording to their special potential and needs as well as achievingsocial equality in later stages of development. In essence, allagents of social development make significant contributions that leadto a balanced social development.