AFRICAN AMERICAN 5
The period between 1822 to the 19th century was a timewhen numerous s, who were initially slaves in theplantations in America, migrated to Mexico since they could get theirultimate freedom there. After Texas was annexed from Mexico, Mexicanswho were living in Mexico assisted the slaves to run away to Mexicothrough the underground railroads from Texas. The slaves were runningaway from the oppression in America and wanted to seek a place wherethey would be recognized and appreciated. It is evident that slavesin America were under oppression and any chance to seek freedom wasgrabbed instantly. The Mexican government and Mexicans were opposedto slavery and were continuously pressuring the American slavemasters to release the African slaves (Horne, 2004). Research hasindicated that by 1855, there were more 5000 slaves,who had migrated to Mexico. A vast majority of the slaves used theTexas-Mexico border to cross to Mexico. There were numerous lawenforcement officers that were place at the border, but the AfricanAmerican slaves continued to defiantly cross to Mexico. The slaveswere assisted by the determined Mexicans who supported the slaveuprising in the United States. It is vital to note that the vastmajority of slaves in America were Africans who formed the AfricanAmericans (Horne, 2004).
There were various reasons that the s looked intobefore migrating to Mexico. Mexico provided employment opportunitiesfor the s who were slaves in America. This led tonumerous s migrating to Mexico through the help ofMexicans living in Texas. In addition, s migrated toMexico in sought of freedom, which was not availed to them when theywere enslaved in the United States. Mexico offered a safe haven forthe former slaves (Horne, 2004). The Mexican government provided asafe and a free place for the former slaves to reside in. It is alsoapparent that the Mexican government recognized the sand appreciated them for who they were. In other words, thegovernment recognized the former slaves regardless of their skincolor. In the employment sector, race was not considered and peoplewere employed based on their skills and abilities.
s in New Orleans migrated in their thousands toTampico, Mexico in 1890s after the establishment of the oil industryin the country. This presented numerous employment opportunities tothe s in Mexico and those who migrated during thistime. Besides the numerous employment opportunities that werepresented by the oil industry, the Mexican government issued thes with citizenship documents, which were a majorreason for the former slaves to move to Mexico. Although the AfricanAmericans were found and settled in a majority parts of Mexico, it isevident that they were concentrated in areas such as Ajijic, SanMiguel de Allende, Chapala, Mexico City and Cuernavaca. AfricanAmericans were also largely found in Tijuana, Los Cabos and SanCarlos. However, more important is the Hacienda el Nacimiento innorthern Mexico, where the immigrants settled permanently (Horne,2004).
Although some of the s were missionaries and pastorsin Mexico, research has indicated the vast majority of them wererunning from trade. Other immigrants were employed by the governmentas teachers of English. In other words, a vast majority of thes were employees of the Mexican government. Researchhas indicated that a majority of them worked in the oil sector, whichwas flourishing in the 1900. The immigrants who did not manage to getemployment were given accommodation by the Mexican government asrefugees (Horne, 2004). The immigrant were also usedby the Mexican government as soldiers along the border to protect thecountry. It is, however, vital to note that they were paid in termsof land, which was allocated to them by the Mexican government.
The population of the s in Mexico has reducedsignificantly over the years. The numerous s who werein Mexico no longer exist. While walking on many streets in Mexico,it is extremely hard to catch a glimpse of an . Thishas been used to mean that these people never existed in Mexico,which is untrue. The effect that the s had in theculture, arts and lifestyles of the Mexicans were immense. Researchhas indicated that there are numerous paintings, photos, lithographsand historical texts that were left by the immigrants (Horne, 2004).The s had significant effects on the culture of theMexicans. The immigrants contributed immensely to the artistic,culinary and musical industries of the Mexicans.
The s painted various artistic pictures, which werepointing out to the mixed races that existed in Mexico. This had atremendous effect of portraying Mexico as a country that holds allpeople together regardless of region of origin or color. Suchpaintings have also been used in recent years to call for positivedialogue, and for Mexico to affirm its roots and legacy in thes (Horne, 2004). It is also evident that the AfricanAmerican played a critical role in ensuring that the borders ofMexico were safe.
Horne, G. (2004). Black and brown: s and theMexican Revolution, 1910-1920. New York: New York UniversityPress.